LINEBURG


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Перлокутивный эффект высказывания - эффект достигается тогда, когда предложение достигло своей цели.
Речевые акты - акты коммуникации, обладающие какой - либо целью: убеждение, угроза, просьба, совет, приказ. В связи с этим выделяются следующие типы прагматических предложений и прагматических конструкций:


Тип
Пример предложения
Прагматическая конструкция
I hereby + V + that
1
Констатив (убеждение)
The earth rotates.
Water boils at 100 C.
I hereby state that ...
2
Промиссив (обещание)
I'll come
I hereby promise that ...
3
Менасив (угроза)
I'll kill you.
I hereby menace that ...
4
Директив (просьба, приказ, совет)
Let's go and sit up there.
"Send him back", he said again.
I hereby direct that ...
5
Перформатив (отражательные сообщения о фактах. Говорящий совершает то действие, которое называет)
I congratulate you.
I swear ...
I guarantee...
I hereby perform that ...
6
Квеститив (вопросительные предложения)
Why is it so?


Образец синтаксического разбора предложения
I have already told you of the sickness and confusion that comes with time travelling.

This is a complex declarative sentence which consists of the main clause and the subordinate clause connected with the subordinating conjunction "that".
The main clause is: "I have already told you of the sickness and confusion";
"I" is the subject expressed by personal pronoun in the singular form, the first person, Nominative case;
"have told" is a simple predicate expressed by the analytical form of the verb. It consists of the auxiliary "have" and the Participle 2 of the main verb derived from the verb "to tell". The whole analytical form shows the Present Perfect Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood;
"you" is indirect object expressed by personal pronoun in the plural form, the 2nd person, objective case;
"sickness and confusion" is prepositional indirect object expressed by two nouns connected with coordinative conjunction "and". The nouns are in the singular form, Common case.
The subordinate attributive clause is: "that comes with time traveling";
"that" is a subordinate conjunction;
"comes" is a simple predicate expressed by the notional verb "to come". It is in the 3rd person singular form, the Present Simple Tense, Active Voice, Indicative Mood;
"with travelling" is indirect prepositional object expressed by a noun in the Common case, singular form;
"time" is an attribute expressed by an adjective.




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