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pjdfnmcz d rfxtcndt bcnjxybrf ljöjlf, gjlkt©fotuj erfpfyb± d k±åsö jabwbfkmysö (yfghbvth, d htpekmnfnt gjkextybz jnkbxysö jnvtnjr gj dctv ghtlvtnfv, ghbce©-
abyfycjdsö jnxtnfö. Hfåjnf d cneltyxtcrjv ujhjlrt vj©tn drk±xfnm d ctåz hfåjne ltybz cntgtyb åfrfkfdhf pf ghtltkfvb Cjtlbytyysö Infnjd, clfxb ¤rpfvtyjd
d eybdthcbntncrjv rfatnthbb, ryb©yjv vfufpbyt bkb cgjhnbdyj-jpljhjdbntkmyjv wty- yf dszdktybt yfbåjktt ljcnjqysö rfylblfnjd bkb ghjöj©ltybz rehcjd d vtcnysö
nht, f nfr©t d öjpzqcndtyyj-flvbybcnhfnbdysö gjlhfpltktybzö eybdthcbntnf. frrhtlbnjdfyysö d dfitq cnhfyt extåysö pfdtltybzö ehjdyz gjckt chtlytuj jåhf-
pjdfybz, tckb c ¤nbv cjukfcyj dscitt extåyjt pfdtltybt CIF);
✏ ghjöj©ltybz rehcjd d jlyjv bp åkb©fqibö vtcnysö rjkktl©tq, tckb d ytv vtym-
Gjckt gthdjuj ujlf jåextybz ds nfr©t vj©tnt ecnhjbnmcz yf hfåjne d rfxtcndt ghj-
©bdf±otuj gj vtcne cke©ås gjvjoybrf rjvtylfynf cneltyxtcrjuj jåot©bnbz eyb- ifz gkfnf pf jåextybt b dscnfdktyyst d ytv ¤rhtlbns≥ pfcxbnsdf±ncz d lheubö
dthcbntnf. Hfåjnf±obt gj vtcne cke©ås gjvjoybrb rjvtylfynf cneltyxtcrjuj jå- dscibö extåysö pfdtltybzö;
✏ gjctotybz pfyznbq d ktnybq gthbjl, tckb jyb ghjdjlzncz d ¤nj dhtvz;
ot©bnbz zdkz±ncz ntvb k±lmvb, r rjnjhsv ght©lt dctuj jåhfof±ncz cneltyns,
✏ ghjöj©ltybz jlyjuj ljgjkybntkmyjuj rehcf d rf©ljv ctvtcnht.
ye©lf±obtcz d gjvjob bkb ©tkf±obt dszcybnm djghjcs, jnyjczobtcz r ©bpyb cne-
ltyxtcrjuj jåot©bnbz. Pf ¤nj hfåjnf±obt gj vtcne cke©ås gjvjoybrb rjvtylfynf
cneltyxtcrjuj jåot©bnbz gjkexf±n åtcgkfnyjt ©bkmt, f byjulf tot b ytåjkmie± Jnvtyf gkfns pf jåextybt. Yf jcyjdt dfibö jwtyjr, gjkextyysö d gthdsq ujl jåe-
pfhgkfne b/bkb gbnfybt yf kmujnysö eckjdbzö. xtybz, ytrjnjhst rjkktl©b jnvtyz±n xfcnm gkfns pf jåextybt. Dfif dscjrfz ecgt-
dftvjcnm vj©tn c¤rjyjvbnm dfv nsczxb ljkkfhjd.
Cjukfcyj ltqcnde±obv ghfdbkfv, gjckt gthdjuj ujlf jåextybz ds vj©tnt jåhfnbnm-
cz d Cke©åe bvvbuhfwbb b yfnehfkbpfwbb pf hfphtitybtv hfåjnfnm pf ghtltkfvb cne- Hfcöjls yf ghj©bdfybt. Ecnhjqcndj yf hfåjne d rfxtcndt ghj©bdf±otuj gj vtcne
ltyxtcrjuj ujhjlrf lj 20 xfcjd d ytltk±. Jlyfrj dfv cktletn ghbyznm r cdtltyb± cke©ås gjvjoybrf rjvtylfynf cneltyxtcrjuj jåot©bnbz vjukj ås c¤rjyjvbnm dfv
jncencndbt ufhfynbb njuj, xnj dfif ghjcmåf åeltn eljdktndjhtyf. Tckb ds ©tyfns/pf- nsczxb ljkkfhjd d htpekmnfnt cjrhfotybz dfibö hfcöjljd yf ghj©bdfybt. Hfåjnf d
ve©tv b yföjlbntcm d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö gj cneltyxtcrjq dbpt F-1 (cv. Ukfde 11), cnjkjdjq lftn crhjvye± pfhgkfne gk±c åtcgkfnyjt ¤ytjuhfybxtyyjt gbnfybt≥. Ghj-
dfitq ©tyt/dfitve ve©e yt hfphtiftncz ecnhfbdfnmcz yf hfåjne. Jlyfrj tckb ds ©bdfybt pf ghtltkfvb cneltyxtcrjuj ujhjlrf e hjlcndtyybrf/hjlcndtyybws bkb lhe-
yföjlbntcm d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö gj cneltyxtcrjq dbpt J-1, dfif ©tyf/dfi ve© vj- uf/gjlheub gjpdjkztn ¤rjyjvbnm ltymub, tckb ©bkboyst eckjdbz nfv zdkz±ncz ghb-
©tn gjlfnm ghjcmåe yf gjkextybt hfphtitybz yf dhtvtyye± hfåjne. tvktvsvb b bvttncz ¤aatrnbdysq jåotcndtyysq nhfycgjhn.

Dfv cktletn dctulf cjdtnjdfnmcz c dfibv rjycekmnfynjv byjcnhfyysö cneltynjd ght- Rjkktl©b c ldeöktnybv chjrjv jåextybz b vtcnyst rjkktl©b. Vyjubt cneltyns
©lt, xtv hfccvfnhbdfnm k±åe± ajhve ecnhjqcndf yf hfåjne. Ljgjkybntkmyfz byajh- ¤rjyjvzn nsczxb ljkkfhjd yf dytctybb gkfns pf jåextybt gentv extås d vtcnysö
vfwbz gj ¤njve djghjce ghbdjlbncz d Ukfdt 12 lfyyjq åhji±hs b d yfitq dbhnefkm- rjkktl©fö d ntxtybt gthdsö ldeö ktn jåextybz c gjcktle±obv gthtdjljv d dscibt
yjq åhji±ht gjl yfpdfybtv Getting Ready to Go: Practical Information for Living and extåyst pfdtltybz c xtnshtöktnybv chjrjv jåextybz c ntv, xnjås pfdthibnm cdj±
Studying in the United States (Gjlujnjdrf r jnütple: ghfrnbxtcrfz byajhvfwbz j ©bp- extåe d hfvrfö ghjuhfvv, lf±obö ghfdj yf gjkextybt cntgtyb.
yb b extåt d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö): http://educationusa.state.gov/.
Htp±vt
Cjrhfotybt hfcöjljd yf jåhfpjdfybt
✏ Ghbcnegfqnt r dfitve abyfycjdjve gkfybhjdfyb± jlyjdhtvtyyj c yfxfkjv dsåj-
Ghb gkfybhjdfybb dfibö abyfycjd hfccvjnhbnt cktle±obt cgjcjås cjrhfotybz df- hf rjkktl©tq “ yt gjp©t, xtv pf 12 vtczwtd lj njuj dhtvtyb, rjulf ds öjntkb ås
ibö hfcöjljd: yfxfnm extåe d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö.


58 59
TCKB DS –JNBNT EXBNMCZ D CJTLBYTYYS– INFNF– …FPJDJT EYBDTHCBNTNCRJT J…HFPJDFYBT
UKFDF 6 A B Y F Y C B H J D F Y B T D F I T U J J … HF P J D F Y B Z UKFDF 7 CNBGTYLBB LKZ CNELTYNJD, EXFCNDE‘OB– D
CGJHNBDYJQ ÉBPYB CDJTUJ EXT…YJUJ PFDTLTYBZ


✏ Hfcöjls yf gkfne pf jåextybt åsdf±n hfpysvb d pfdbcbvjcnb jn rjkktl©f. Xfcn-
yst eybdthcbntns dpbvf±n åjktt dscjre± gkfne pf jåextybt, xtv eybdthcbntns
infnf, rjnjhst d cdj± jxthtlm åthen c dfc pf jåextybt åjkmit, xtv vtcnyst rjk-
ktl©b. Dfv yflkt©bn jxtym nofntkmyj dszcyznm afrnbxtcrbt hfcöjls.
✏ Cnjbvjcnm jåextybz yt zdkztncz gjrfpfntktv rfxtcndf dscituj extåyjuj pfdtlt-
ybz.
✏ Hfcöjls yf ghj©bdfybt åsdf±n hfpysvb d pfdbcbvjcnb jn vtcnjgjkj©tybz extå-
CNBGTYLBB LKZ
yjuj pfdtltybz b dfituj jåhfpf ©bpyb.
✏ Vyjubt rjkktl©b j©blf±n jn dfc b dfitq ctvmb abyfycbhjdfybz gjkyjq cnjbvjc-
CNELTYNJD, EXFCNDE‘OB–
nb dfituj jåextybz.
D CGJHNBDYJQ ÉBPYB
✏ Jcyjdysv bcnjxybrjv djpvj©yjq abyfycjdjq gjvjob zdkztncz rjkktl©, d rjnj-
CDJTUJ EXT…YJUJ PFDTLTYBZ
hsq ds gjlftnt pfzdktybt; jlyfrj abyfycjdst chtlcndf, bvt±obtcz d yfkbxbb lkz
byjcnhfyysö cneltynjd, yjczn juhfybxtyysq öfhfrnth, b abyfycbhjdfybt d gjkyjv
jåütvt d gjhzlrt ghtljcnfdktybz abyfycjdjq gjvjob ghtlcnfdkztn cjåjq rhfqyt
¤Ytn kexituj genb r gjkextyb± cntgtyb d k±åjq
htlrjt zdktybt.
✏ …kfujghbznyst djpvj©yjcnb gjkextybz hfåjns d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö zdkz±ncz jåkfcnb, xtv pfyznbt cdjbv cfvsv k±åbvsv ltkjv “
d vjtv ckexft ¤nj åtu c åfhmthfvb≥.
juhfybxtyysvb b yt vjuen bcgjkmpjdfnmcz d rfxtcndt jabwbfkmysö bcnjxybrjd
abyfycbhjdfybz. “ Kturjfnktn bp ‘FH, jåexf±obqcz d vtcnyjv
✏ Nfkfynkbdsv cgjhncvtyfv cktletn gsnfnmcz gjkexbnm cnbgtylb± lkz cneltynjd, rjkktl©t
exfcnde±obö d cgjhnbdyjq ©bpyb cdjtuj extåyjuj pfdtltybz (cv. åjktt gjlhjåye±
byajhvfwb± jå ¤njv d cktle±otq ukfdt). Ds nfkfynkbdsq cgjhncvty, ©tkf±obq exbnmcz d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö lkz njuj, xnj-
✏ Ds vj©tnt cjrhfnbnm hfcöjls yf dfit jåhfpjdfybt d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö wtksv ås gjkexbnm cntgtym? Ds exfcndetnt d cjhtdyjdfybzö, nhtåe±obö dscjrjuj ehjdyz
hzljv cgjcjåjd; ghjöj©ltybt rehcjd d vtcnysö rjkktl©fö b jåextybt d hfvrfö cgjhnbdyjuj vfcnthcndf? Njulf ds vj©tnt cnfnm bltfkmysv rfylblfnjv yf gjkextybt
ecrjhtyysö ghjuhfvv ghtlcnfdkz±n cjåjq kbim ldf ghbvthf ¤nbö cgjcjåjd. cnbgtylbb lkz cneltynjd, exfcnde±obö d cgjhnbdyjq ©bpyb cdjtuj
extåyjuj pfdtltybz.
Gjktpyst dtå-cfqns
Tckb ds exbntcm d rjkktl©t CIF, cnbgtylbz lkz cneltynjd-
Jåofz byajhvfwbz j abyfycjdjq gjvjob byjcnhfyysv cneltynfv cgjhncvtyjd gjkyjcnm± bkb xfcnbxyj gjrhsdftn dfib hfcöjls
http://www.edupass.org/finaid yf jåextybt b ghj©bdfybt. „njn dbl abyfycbhjdfybz jåext-
http://www.nafsa.org/students/funding.html ybz d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö vj©tn nfr©t yfpsdfnmcz
http://www.bibl.u-szeged.hu/oseas/aid.html ¤cgjhnbdyjq cnbgtylbtq≥ bkb bvtnm jabwbfkmyjt yf-
pdfybt ¤ceåcblbhetvfz gjvjom≥. Cnbgtylbb ghb-
Dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz, ghtljcnfdkz±obt abyfycjde± gjvjom byjcnhfyysv ce©lf±ncz d cfvsö hfpysö dblfö cgjhnf. Ghfd-
cneltynfv lf, yt dct rjkktl©b ghtljcnfdkz±n ceåcblb-
http://www.edupass.org/finaid/undergraduate.phtml hetve± gjvjom cneltynfv-cgjhncvtyfv d
k±åjv dblt cgjhnf. Cneltyns, gjkexf±obt
Cfqn gjbcrf cnbgtylbq “ Ghbce©ltybt byjcnhfyysv cneltynfv ytrjnjhsö cnbgtylbq cgjhnbdye± cnbgtylb±, vjuen jåexfnmcz d
http://www.fastweb.com hfvrfö ghjuhfvv, lf±obö ghfdj yf gjkext-
ybt cntgtyb d k±åjq jåkfcnb pyfybq, tckb d
Byajhvfwbz j ghtljcnfdktybb ccel byjcnhfyysv cneltynfv eybdthcbntnt bvt±ncz ghjuhfvvs d ¤njq jå-
http://www.edupass.org/finaid/loans.phtml kfcnb. Jlyfrj fåbnehbtyns, ghtntyle±obt yf gj-
kextybt cgjhnbdyjq cnbgtylbb, ljk©ys dsgjkybnm
Byajhvfwbz lkz byjcnhfyysö cneltynjd j yfkjufö dct jåsxyst nhtåjdfybz, ghtlüzdkztvst r gjcne-
http://www.edupass.org/finaid/taxes.phtml gf±obv d eybdthcbntns CIF, f pfntv, e©t cnfd cne-
http://www.irs.ustreas.gov/

60 61
TCKB DS –JNBNT EXBNMCZ D CJTLBYTYYS– INFNF– …FPJDJT EYBDTHCBNTNCRJT J…HFPJDFYBT
UKFDF 7 CNBGTYLBB LKZ CNELTYNJD, EXFCNDE‘OB– D UKFDF 7 CNBGTYLBB LKZ CNELTYNJD, EXFCNDE‘OB– D
CGJHNBDYJQ ÉBPYB CDJTUJ EXT…YJUJ PFDTLTYBZ CGJHNBDYJQ ÉBPYB CDJTUJ EXT…YJUJ PFDTLTYBZ


✏ Gjkmpeqntcm Bynthytnjv lkz bpextybz dscibö extåysö pfdtltybq, bvt±oböcz d
ltynfvb, gjkexfnm eljdktndjhbntkmyst jnvtnrb gj dctv ghtlvtnfv lkz njuj, xnjås
ghtntyljdfnm yf gjljåye± cnbgtylb± bkb cjöhfybnm tt. Hfpkbxyst herjdjlbntkb d jå- dfitv cgbcrt, b yfqlbnt bvz b afvbkb± ukfdyjuj nhtythf rf©ljuj bp ybö ytpf-
kfcnb cgjhnf nfr©t ecnfyfdkbdf±n cdjb nhtåjdfybz r extåt cneltynjd, ghbybvf±obö dbcbvj jn njuj, rfrbv dbljv cgjhnf ds pfybvftntcm. Rhjvt njuj, bobnt flhtcf
exfcnbt d cgjhnbdysö cjcnzpfybzö. ¤ktrnhjyyjq gjxns bvt±oböcz d dfitv cgbcrt rjkktl©tq, yj, tckb yt elfcncz
yfqnb ¤nb flhtcf, åeltn ljcnfnjxyj gjxnjdsö flhtcjd bkb yjvthjd afrcjd. …jkm-
Cgjhnbdyst cnbgtylbb jåsxyj ghbce©lf±ncz yf jcyjdt ghbukfitybz cgjhncvtyjd d ibycndj rjkktl©tq bvt±n yf cdjbö dtå-cfqnfö hfpltk gjl yfpdfybtv ¤Fnktnbrf≥
extåyst pfdtltybz nhtythfvb, rjnjhst hfpütp©f±n gj Cjtlbytyysv Infnfv d gjbc- bkb ¤Cgjhn≥; d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö ¤fnktnbrf≥ drk±xftn d ctåz dct dbls cgjh-
rfö yjdsö cgjhnbdysö nfkfynjd. Dhtvz jn dhtvtyb nhtyths gjctof±n lheubt cnhfys, nf, f yt njkmrj kture± fnktnbre.
✏ Gjlujnjdmnt htrjvtylfntkmyjt gbcmvj. D ytv cktletn erfpfnm dfib bvz b afvb-
ghbcencnde±n yf dscnegktybzö cneltynjd, yt zdkz±oböcz uhf©lfyfvb CIF, yf vt©-
leyfhjlysö cjhtdyjdfybzö, bkb dszcyz±n d ghjatccbjyfkmysö cgjhnbdysö fccjwbf- kb±, flhtc, djphfcn, yf rfrjv ujle jåextybz d chtlytq irjkt ds ctqxfc yföjlb-
wbzö pf ghtltkfvb Cjtlbytyysö Infnjd yfkbxbt gthcgtrnbdysö cgjhncvtyjd, rjnj- ntcm, rjynfrnye± byajhvfwb±, drk±xfz ¤ktrnhjyye± gjxne b afrc, tckb nfrjdst
hst vjukb ås cnfnm cneltynfvb d CIF. Jlyfrj gjljåyfz ghfrnbrf zdkztncz ytjåsx- bvt±ncz, abpbxtcrbt lfyyst, nfrbt rfr hjcn b dtc, rfre± wtkm ds ghtcktletnt,
yjq, b dfv, dthjznyj, ghbltncz cfvbv ghjltkfnm åjkmie± xfcnm hfåjns gj gjkext- yfvthtdfzcm exbnmcz d dscitv extåyjv pfdtltybb gj cgjhnbdyjq cnbgtylbb, f nfr-
yb± cnbgtylbb. Yb©t ghbdjlbncz gj¤nfgyjt herjdjlcndj, gjvjuf±ott dfv yfqnb cj- ©t rjulf ds cvjukb ås ghbcnegbnm r extåt. Rhjvt njuj, ghbkj©bnt r ¤njve gbcm-
jndtncnde±ott dscitt extåyjt pfdtltybt, d rjnjhjv ds vjukb ås djgkjnbnm d ©bpym ve rhfnrjt jgbcfybt (jlye-ldt cnhfybws) dfibö ljcnb©tybq d cgjhnt, drk±xfz yf-
cdj± vtxne cnfnm dtkbrbv cgjhncvtyjv/dtkbrjq cgjhncvtyrjq. D gjhzlrt fkmnthyf- uhfls b lfns. Yt gjllfdfqntcm cjåkfpye hfcnzyenm ¤nj jgbcfybt yf ytcrjkmrj cnhf-
nbds ytrjnjhst cneltyns-cgjhncvtys ghtlgjxbnf±n gkfnbnm rjvbccbjyyst njq bkb ybw; nhtyths gjkexf±n jn exfoböcz nfr vyjuj vfnthbfkjd, xnj ghtlgjxbnf±n
byjq cke©åt gj ecnhjqcnde cgjhncvtyjd d dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz c ntv, xnjås bvtnm rjhjnrjt htp±vt. Tckb ds pfybvftntcm buhjdsv dbljv cgjhnf, nfrbv rfr
jyf gjvjukf bv gjkexbnm cgjhnbdye± cnbgtylb±. Epyfqnt d dfitv jåhfpjdfntkmyjv tdhjgtqcrbq aenåjk bkb åfcrtnåjk, kbxyst htpekmnfns d rjnjhjv yt gjllf±ncz
bkb byajhvfwbjyyjv wtynht gjlhjåyjcnb j k±åsö bvt±oböcz d dfitq cnhfyt cke©- bpvthtyb±, djpvj©yj, ds pföjnbnt yfghfdbnm dbltjvfnthbfks, ltvjycnhbhe±obt
åfö gj ecnhjqcnde cgjhncvtyjd d dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz. dfib cgjcjåyjcnb b djpvj©yjcnb. Gjpfåjnmntcm j njv, xnjås ¤nb vfnthbfks ås-
kb d dbltj-ajhvfnt CIF NTSC. Cjjåobnt nhtythe, xnj e dfc bvttncz nfrjq vf-
✏ Ghbcnegfqnt r cdjbv gjbcrfv ghbåkbpbntkmyj pf gjknjhf-ldf ujlf lj j©blftvjq nthbfk.
✏ Yfghfdmnt ¤ne byajhvfwb± dctv nhtythfv gj flhtcfv ¤ktrnhjyyjq gjxns, rjnj-
dfvb lfns yfxfkf dfibö pfyznbq d eybdthcbntnt Cjtlbytyysö Infnjd. Gjkmpezcm
åfpjq lfyysö “Peterson™s Career and College Quest” [¤Gjbcr ghjatccbq b rjkktl©tq, hst ds cjåhfkb d htpekmnfnt ghjcvjnhf dtå-cfqnjd rjkktl©tq. Tckb dfv yt elf-
bplfdfntkmcndf ¤Gtnthcjyp≥] bkb bplfybtv ¤njq abhvs “Sports Scholarships and tncz yfqnb njn bkb byjq flhtc ¤ktrnhjyyjq gjxns, dsiktnt egjvzyene± byajhvf-
College Athletic Programs” [Cgjhnbdyst cnbgtylbb b cgjhnbdyst ghjuhfvvs rjkkt- wb± gj afrce bkb gjxnjq. Gjpfåjnmntcm j njv, xnjås d flhtct åskf cnhjrf: lkz
l©tq] (rjnjhst bvt±ncz d åjkmibycndt byajhvfwbjyysö b rjycekmnfwbjyysö ukfdyjuj nhtythf, b gj djpvj©yjcnb erf©bnt tuj/tt bvz b afvbkb±.
wtynhjd), jghtltkbnt, rfrbt eybdthcbntns ghtlkfuf±n exfcnbt d cjhtdyjdfybzö gj
dfitve dble cgjhnf yf jcyjdt cgjhnbdyjq cnbgtylbb. D ¤njv cgbcrt jghtltkbnt, rf- Nhtyths ljk©ys cdzpfnmcz c dfvb ult-nj d ntxtybt vtczwf. Tckb gj ghjitcndbb ¤nj-
rbt dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz ghtlkfuf±n jcyjdyjq ghtlvtn cgtwbfkbpfwbb, rjnj- uj chjrf ds yt gjkexbnt jndtnf, yfgbibnt rjhjnre± pfgbcre, yfgjvbyf±oe± ¤nbv
hsq ds öjntkb ås bpexfnm. Cjrhfnbnt gjkextyysq gthtxtym lj ghbåkbpbntkmyj 70 nhtythfv j njv, xnj ds dsckfkb bv dfie byajhvfwb± b gj-ght©ytve pfbynthtcjdf-
extåysö pfdtltybq. Gthtxtym, cjcnjzobq bp 70 extåysö pfdtltybq, vj©tn gjrfpfnm- ys d gjcnegktybb yf extåe.
cz ckbirjv lkbyysv, yj ljkz jndtnbdibö yf dfi pfghjc eybdthcbntnjd b rjkkt-
l©tq jåsxyj cjcnfdkztn kbim jrjkj 5 ghjwtynjd. Tckb ehjdtym rjyrehcf ghb ghb- Gjlujnjdmnt gthtxtym djghjcjd b lth©bnt tuj gjl herjq yf ckexfq, tckb rnj-kbåj bp
tvt d ¤nb extåyst pfdtltybz bvttn lkz dfc åjkmijt pyfxtybt, ds vjukb ås hfc- nhtythjd gjpdjybn dfv gj ntktajye c wtkm± gjkextybz jn dfc ljgjkybntkmyjq by-
cvjnhtnm djpvj©yjcnm gjlfxb pfzdktybz njkmrj d extåyst pfdtltybz, bpdtcnyst ajhvfwbb.
rfr extåyst pfdtltybz ¤Gthdjq kbub Yfwbjyfkmyjq fccjwbfwbb cneltyxtcrjuj cgjh-
Tckb rfrjt-kbåj döjlzott d NCAA dscitt extåyjt pfdtltybt pfbynthtcetncz dfvb b
nf (NCAA)≥. Lkz njuj, xnjås åjkmit epyfnm j nhtö herjdjlzobö jhufyfö eybdth-
cbntncrjuj cgjhnf d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö “ Yfwbjyfkmyjq fccjwbfwbb cneltyxtcrj- pföjxtn dfc ghbyznm, dszcybnt gjhzljr gjkextybz cjjndtncnde±otuj hfphtitybz jn
NCAA. Ljgjkybntkmye± byajhvfwb± gj ¤njve gjdjle vj©yj yfqnb yf dtå-cfqnt
uj cgjhnf (NCCA), Yfwbjyfkmyjq fccjwbfwbb vt©eybdthcbntncrjuj cgjhnf (NAIA)
NCAA (cv. yb©t ¤Gjktpyst dtå-cfqns). D ckexft ghjöj©ltybz dfvb ntcnf/ntcnjd
b Yfwbjyfkmyjq cgjhnbdyjq fccjwbfwbb rjkktl©tq ybpitq cnegtyb (NJCAA) “ bob-
SAT, gjpfåjnmntcm j njv, xnjås cjjåobnm gjkextyyst dfvb jwtyrb pf ¤njn ntcn/¤nb
nt byajhvfwb± j ybö yf dtå-cfqnfö, gthtxbcktyysö d rjywt lfyyjq ukfds, bkb jå-
ntcns d NCAA (rjl 9999 yf htubcnhfwbjyyjv åkfyrt), tckb ceotcndetn öjnz ås vf-
hfnbntcm d åkb©fqibq byajhvfwbjyysq bkb rjycekmnfwbjyysq wtynh.


62 63
TCKB DS –JNBNT EXBNMCZ D CJTLBYTYYS– INFNF– …FPJDJT EYBDTHCBNTNCRJT J…HFPJDFYBT
UKFDF 7 CNBGTYLBB LKZ CNELTYNJD, EXFCNDE‘OB– D UKFDF 7 CNBGTYLBB LKZ CNELTYNJD, EXFCNDE‘OB– D
CGJHNBDYJQ ÉBPYB CDJTUJ EXT…YJUJ PFDTLTYBZ CGJHNBDYJQ ÉBPYB CDJTUJ EXT…YJUJ PFDTLTYBZ


ktqibq ifyc yf dfie extåe d jlyjv bp dscibö extåysö pfdtltybq NCAA. Ds yt vj- Gjktpyst dtå-cfqns
©tnt gjkexbnm cjjndtncnde±otuj hfphtitybz, yt dsckfd dfibö jwtyjr pf ghjöj©lt-
ybt SAT. Yfwbjyfkmyfz fccjwbfwbz cneltyxtcrjuj cgjhnf (NCAA)
http://www.ncaa.org
Tckb d dfitq cnhfyt bvttncz ¤ktrnhjyyfz gjxnf, yj e dfc ytn ljcnegf r rjvgm±nthe
bkb ¤ktrnhjyyjve gjxnjdjve zobre, gjcnfhfqntcm gjkexbnm ljcneg r åtcgkfnyjve Yfwbjyfkmyfz fccjwbfwbz vt©eybdthcbntncrjuj cgjhnf (NAIA)
¤ktrnhjyyjve gjxnjdjve zobre nfrbö cthdbc-ghjdfqlthjd, rfr Hotmail bkb Yahoo, b http://www/naia.org
gjkmpeqntcm eckeufvb Bynthytn-rfat. Rjulf ds jåhfoftntcm pf gjkextybtv cgjhnbd-
yjq cnbgtylbb, ¤ktrnhjyyfz gjxnf zdkztncz jxtym df©ysv bycnhevtynjv, b dfv åe- Yfwbjyfkmyfz cgjhnbdyfz fccjwbfwbz rjkktl©tq ybpitq cnegtyb (NJCAA)
http://www.njcaa.org
ltn gjktpyj bvtnm r ytq ljcneg.

Rjhjnrjt ghtljcntht©tybt: tckb dfc ghbyzkb d jlyj bp dscibö extåysö pfdtltybq
NCAA, yt jnghfdkzqntcm d Cjtlbytyyst Infns lj ntö gjh, gjrf yt gjkexbnt yf ¤nj
hfphtitybz jn NCAA. Tckb ds jnghfdbntcm d Cjtlbytyyst Infns åtp cjjndtncn-
de±otuj hfphtitybz, nj vj©tnt gjnthznm cdj± cnbgtylb±.

Htp±vt

✏ Tckb ds exbntcm d rjkktl©t CIF, cnbgtylbz lkz cneltynjd-cgjhncvtyjd gjkyj-
cnm± bkb xfcnbxyj gjrhsdftn dfib hfcöjls yf jåextybt b ghj©bdfybt.
✏ Cgjhncvtys ljk©ys dsgjkybnm dct jåsxyst nhtåjdfybz, ghtlüzdkztvst eybdth-
cbntnjv ghb ghbtvt yf extåe, gk±c nhtåjdfybz, ecnfyfdkbdftvst k±åsvb bvt±-
obvb jnyjitybt r ltke herjdjlbntkzvb d jåkfcnb cgjhnf.
✏ Jåsxyj cgjhncvtyfv cfvbv ghböjlbncz dsgjkyznm åjkmie± xfcnm hfåjns gj gj-
kextyb± cnbgtylbb. Lkz njuj, xnjås vfrcbvfkmyj hfcibhbnm åkfujghbznyst djp-
vj©yjcnb gjkextybz cnbgtylbb, dfv cktletn ghbcnegbnm r jceotcndktyb± ¤njuj
ghjwtccf pf gjknjhf-ldf ujlf lj njuj dhtvtyb, rjulf ds öjntkb ås ghbcnegbnm r
extåt d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö.
✏ Dfv cktletn gjlujnjdbnm htrjvtylfntkmyjt gbcmvj lkz ghbåkbpbntkmyj 70 ds-
cibö extåysö pfdtltybq, ghtlkfuf±obö dfv dbl cgjhnf b frfltvbxtcre± cgtwbf-
kbpfwb±, d rjnjhsö ds pfbynthtcjdfys. „rptvgkzhs ¤njuj gbcmvf cktletn yfghf-
dbnm ukfdyjve nhtythe (c erfpfybtv tuj/tt bvtyb b afvbkbb) rf©ljuj bp egjvz-
yensö 70 extåysö pfdtltybq, b kexit dctuj cltkfnm ¤nj gj ¤ktrnhjyyjq gjxnt.
Rhjvt njuj, ghbkj©bnt r lfyyjve gbcmve rhfnrjt jgbcfybt dctö dfibö ljcnb©t-
ybq d cgjhnt b dbltjrfcctne, ltvjycnhbhe±oe± dfib djpvj©yjcnb rfr cgjhncvt-
yf, tckb ¤nj evtcnyj.
✏ Tckb dfvb bynthtcetncz k±åjt bp dscibö extåysö pfdtltybq NCAA, dfv cktletn
dszcybnm yf dtå-cfqnt NCAA gjhzljr gjkextybz cjjndtncnde±otuj hfphtitybz cj
cnjhjys NCAA. „njn gjhzljr gjkextybz cjjndtncnde±otuj hfphtitybz drk±xftn
d ctåz yfghfdktybt d NCAA dfibö jwtyjr pf ghjöj©ltybt SAT. Ds yt ljk©ys
dütp©fnm d Cjtlbytyyst Infns åtp cjjndtncnde±otuj hfphtitybz NCAA.




64 65
TCKB DS –JNBNT EXBNMCZ D CJTLBYTYYS– INFNF– …FPJDJT EYBDTHCBNTNCRJT J…HFPJDFYBT
UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T
EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF


©bdfnm dfi gthtxtym gj vtht jpyfrjvktybz cj cghfdjxybrfvb, ajhvfvb pfzdkt-
ybz/fyrtns b lheujq gjkexftvjq dfvb byajhvfwbtq.

GHFDBKMYJT JAJHVKTYBT Tckb e dfc tcnm ljcneg d Bynthytn, ds jåyfhe©bnt, xnj vyjubt eybdthcbntns CIF
PFZDKTYBZ D DSCIBT hfpvtof±n cdjb cghfdjxybrb rjkktl©tq b yf cdjbö dtå-cfqnfö, f nfr©t xnj ytrjnj-
hst dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz lf©t ghtrhfnbkb gtxfnfybt åevf©ysö dthcbq. Vyjubt
EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF eybdthcbntns bvt±n ajhvs pfzdktybz/fyrtns, rjnjhst pfgjkyz±ncz yf rjvgm±ntht
b djpdhfof±ncz d eybdthcbntn gj ¤ktrnhjyyjq gjxnt, bkb ©t vjuen pfuhe©fnmcz d
Ntgthm e dfc ljk©ty åsnm jrjyxfntkmysq cgbcjr rjkktl©tq, jndtxf±obq dfibv gj- rjvgm±nth b hfcgtxfnsdfnmcz. Tckb bvttncz djpvj©yjcnm gjlfdfnm pfzdktybt d ht©b-
nhtåyjcnzv, bynthtcfv b djpvj©yjcnzv. Dfv nfr©t cktletn eljcnjdthbnmcz d njv, vt jykfqy, dfv cktletn gjkmpjdfnmcz t±. „nj “ cfvsq åscnhsq cgjcjå ghtlcnfdktybz
xnj dfv bpdtcnys vbybvfkmyst nhtåjdfybz, ghtlüzdkztvst eybdthcbntnjv ghb gj- dfituj pfzdktybz yf hfccvjnhtybt. Tckb ds vj©tnt pfuhe©fnm pfzdktybt, cjjndtncn-
lfxt pfzdktybz yf extåe d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö, f nfr©t d njv, xnj ds d cjcnjzybb de±obt xfcnb cghfdjxybrf b lheue± byajhvfwb± c dtå-cfqnf njuj bkb byjuj rjkkt-
gjrhsnm hfcöjls yf gjkextybt åfpjdjuj eybdthcbntncrjuj jåhfpjdfybz d CIF. Gjhf l©f, dfv yt ye©yj ytgjchtlcndtyyj cdzpsdfnmcz c ybv. Rhjvt njuj, dtå-cfqns rjkkt-
ghbcnegfnm r cåjhe b cdtltyb± djtlbyj vfnthbfkjd b ljrevtynjd, cdzpfyysö c gj- l©tq dj dct åjkmibö vfcinfåfö ghtlkfuf±n lheubt jgwbb, yfghbvth, dbltjvfnthbf-
cnegktybtv d dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz d Cjtlbytyysö Infnfö. D ¤njq ukfdt ghbdj- ks, gjpdjkz±obt cjdthifnm dbhnefkmyst ¤rcrehcbb gj bö cneltyxtcrbv ujhjlrfv.
lbncz ghfrnbxtcrfz byajhvfwbz b lf±ncz cjdtns ghfrnbxtcrjuj öfhfrnthf, bvt±obt
cdjtq wtkm± gjvjxm dfv d ecgtiyjq gjlfxt pfzdktybq d dsåhfyyst dfvb extåyst pf- Tckb e dfc ytn ljcnegf d Bynthytn b dfv ye©ys gtxfnyst dthcbb ajhv, gjlfdftvsö
dtltybz. d jåzpfntkmyjv gjhzlrt ljrevtynjd, f nfr©t cghfdjxybrjd, cdz©bntcm c rf©lsv
eybdthcbntnjv, yfgbcfd nelf gbcmvj, jnghfdbd afrc bkb gjckfd cjjåotybt gj ¤ktr-
Dtcm ghjwtcc gjlfxb pfzdktybz, jn cåjhf gthdjyfxfkmyjq byajhvfwbb lj jåhfotybz nhjyyjq gjxnt. Drk±xbnt d cdjq gbcmvtyysq pfghjc byajhvfwb±, gjlhjåyfz öfhfr-
pf cneltyxtcrjq dbpjq, cktletn yfxbyfnm pf 12“18 vtczwtd lj njuj dhtvtyb, rjulf ds nthbcnbrf rjnjhjq lftncz d ghbdjlbvjv yb©t hfpltkt ¤Xnj drk±xfnm d dfi pfghjc≥.
öjntkb ås jnghfdbnmcz d Cjtlbytyyst Infns. Cv. d Ukfdt 9 rhfnrjt bpkj©tybt uhf- Dvtcnj ¤njuj dfv vj©tn åsnm eljåytt ghtlcnfdbnm yf hfccvjnhtybt ajhve ghtldf-
abrf gjlfxb pfzdktybz d eybdthcbntns CIF. Vj©yj ljdtcnb ¤njn ghjwtcc lj rjywf hbntkmyjuj pfzdktybz/fyrtns; cdz©bntcm c åkb©fqibv jåhfpjdfntkmysv byajhvfwb-
vtytt xtv pf 12 vtczwtd, yj nt, rnj gjplyj ghbcnegf±n r tuj jceotcndktyb±, jåsx- jyysv bkb rjycekmnfwbjyysv wtynhjv CIF c wtkm± gjkextybz rjgbq ¤nbö ajhv/
yj jåyfhe©bdf±n, xnj d bö hfcgjhz©tybb bvttncz ujhfplj åjktt juhfybxtyysq ds- fyrtn.
åjh rjkktl©tq.
Gjcrjkmre gthtcskrf vfnthbfkjd gj gjxnt d lheubt cnhfys cnjbn jghtltktyysö lt-
Pfghfibdfybt vfnthbfkjd lkz gjlfxb pfzdktybz d dscibt ytu, c dfc vjuen gjnhtåjdfnm jgkfne gjxnjdsö hfcöjljd, tckb ds pfnhtåetnt gjkysq
extåyst pfdtltybz CIF cghfdjxybr, yj ds vj©tnt åtcgkfnyj gjkexbnm cjrhfotyysq gthtxtym extåysö reh-
cjd. Dszcybnt, bvt±ncz kb d dfitv byajhvfwbjyyjv bkb rjycekmnfwbjyyjv wtynht
Ghbybvfz dj dybvfybt åjkmijq jåütv hfåjns b hfcöjls, cdzpfyyst cj ¤rptvgkzhs ye©ysö dfv cghfdjxybrjd. Tckb ds yt gjkexbnt bkb yt cvj©tnt yfqnb
cåjhjv b cdtltybtv djtlbyj dctö ljrevtynjd, ytjåöjlbvsö lkz ghf- dc± ytjåöjlbve± dfv byajhvfwb±, yfgbibnt gbcmvj bkb yfghfdmnt cjjåotybt gj
dbkmyjq gjlfxb pfzdktybz, åjkmibycndj exfoböcz juhfybxbdf±ncz ¤ktrnhjyyjq gjxnt d jabc gj ghbtve yf extåe byjcnhfyysö fåbnehbtynjd b pflfqnt
gjlfxtq pfzdktybz d rjkktl©b, xbckj rjnjhsö rjktåktncz d ght- cjnhelybrfv ¤njuj gjlhfpltktybz rjyrhtnyst djghjcs, yf rjnjhst öjnbnt gjkexbnm
ltkfö jn xtnshtö lj ctvb. Jlyfrj ds vj©tnt pfghfibdfnm byajh- jndtns.
vfwb± e nfrjuj rjkbxtcndf eybdthcbntnjd, rjnjhjt cxbnftnt ye©-
ysv, ghbybvfz ghb ¤njv dj dybvfybt, xnj, djpvj©yj, dfv ghb- „ktrnhjyyfz gjxnf ghtlcnfdkztn cjåjq kturbq cgjcjå gjkextybz pfzdktybz/fyrtns b
ltncz jgkfxbdfnm k±åst gjxnjdst hfcöjls, cdzpfyyst c gtht- lheubö vfnthbfkjd, b eybdthcbntns CIF jåsxyj åscnhj htfubhe±n yf gjkextyyst
cskrjq gjljåyjq byajhvfwbb. Ds vj©tnt cjcnfdbnm ctåt xtn- cjjåotybz. Jlyfrj byjulf dfv vj©tn gjyfljåbnmcz gjpdjybnm gj ntktajye c ntv,
rjt ghtlcnfdktybt j njv, d rfrbt bvtyyj dscibt extåyst pfdt- xnjås ljdtcnb lj rjywf dszcytybt njuj bkb byjuj djghjcf bkb gjkexbnm rfrbt-nj lj-
ltybz ds åeltnt gjlfdfnm pfzdktybt, b pfghfibdfnm byajhvf- gjkybntkmyst vfnthbfks. D ¤njv ckexft pfhfytt yfghfdmnt cjjåotybt gj afrce bkb
wb± njkmrj e ybö. Bkb ©t ds vj©tnt ghtlgjxtcnm pfghfibdf- ¤ktrnhjyyjq gjxnt b edtljvmnt cjjndtncnde±otuj cjnhelybrf j njv, xnj ds åeltnt
ybt byajhvfwbb e 10“20 dscibö extåysö pfdtltybq, rjnjhst, pdjybnm, yfpjdbnt lfne b dhtvz ntktajyyjuj pdjyrf b erf©bnt ntve, rjnjhe± öjnt-
gj dfitve vytyb±, jndtxf±n dfibv gjnhtåyjcnzv, f pfntv ce- kb ås jåcelbnm.


66 67
TCKB DS –JNBNT EXBNMCZ D CJTLBYTYYS– INFNF– …FPJDJT EYBDTHCBNTNCRJT J…HFPJDFYBT
UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T
EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF


Rjulf yfghfdkznm dfi pfghjc ltym, f nfr©t xnj ghtltkmyst chjrb htubcnhfwbb lkz ghjöj©ltybz ¤nbö ntcnjd jåsx-
yj cjcnfdkz±n gznm-itcnm ytltkm lj afrnbxtcrjq lfns ghjdtltybz ntcnf. Jwtyrb, gj-
Gjcskfqnt dfi gthdsq pfghjc ghbåkbpbntkmyj pf 12 vtczwtd lj njuj, rfr ds yfvt- kextyyst pf ghjöj©ltybt ntcnjd, ljk©ys gjcnegbnm d eybdthcbntns lj lfns ghtrhf-
htdftntcm gjcnegbnm d dscitt extåyjt pfdtltybt. Jndtlbnt ctåt ljcnfnjxyj dhtvtyb otybz gjlfxb pfzdktybq, b dfv cktletn jåtcgtxbnm nfrjt gjkj©tybt, ghb rjnjhjv e
c extnjv djpvj©ysö pflth©tr d ljcnfdrt vt©leyfhjlysö gjxnjdsö jnghfdktybq, dfc åskj ås gj rhfqytq vtht jn xtnshtö lj itcnb ytltkm vt©le lfnjq ghjöj©ltybz
jcjåtyyj tckb ds gjcskftnt ljrevtyns j ghbtvt yf extåe bkb pfghfibdftnt byajh- ntcnf b lfnjq ghtrhfotybz gjlfxb pfzdktybq.
vfwb± gj gjxnt d yjzåht bkb ltrfåht, rjulf åjkmijq jåütv ghfplybxysö gjxnjdsö
jnghfdktybq xfcnj ghbdjlbn r edtkbxtyb± dldjt chjrf bö ljcnfdrb flhtcfne. Tckb fyukbqcrbq yt zdkztncz dfibv hjlysv zpsrjv, pfhtubcnhbheqntcm yf ghjöj©-
ltybt ntcnf TOEFL. Xnj ©t rfcftncz SAT, nj gjpfåjnmntcm j njv, xnjås htpekmnfns
Relf gjcskfnm dfi pfghjc ghjöj©ltybz dfvb ¤nbö ntcnjd gjcnegbkb d rjkktl©b lj lfn ghtrhfotybz gjlfxb pf-
zdktybq. Tckb dfv rf©tncz, xnj ds bvttnt ghfdj yf jcdjåj©ltybt jn TOEFL, yfghz-
Flhtceqnt dfib pfghjcs d jabc ghbtvf byjcnhfyysö fåbnehbtynjd. …elmnt rhfnrb, yj ve± cdz©bntcm c eybdthcbntnfvb b jåüzcybnt bv cdjb jåcnjzntkmcndf. Yt gjp©t, xtv
ghb ¤njv xtnrj bpkfufqnt cenm ltkf. Jåzpfntkmyj erf©bnt yf rjydthnt gjkysq gjx- pf jlby-ldf vtczwf lj lfn ghjdtltybz ntcnjd, dszcybnt yfkbxbt djpvj©yjcnb ghtlj-
njdsq byltrc dscituj extåyjuj pfdtltybz c ntv, xnjås dfit gbcmvj rfr vj©yj crj- cnfdktybz vfnthbfkjd gjlujnjdrb r ghjöj©ltyb± ntcnjd b k±åjq lheujq gjvjob, rj-
htt gjgfkj r ye©yjve flhtcfne. Ds nfr©t vj©tnt gjcskfnm pfghjcs gj ¤ktrnhjyyjq njhfz vj©tn dfv gjyfljåbnmcz. Dfi byajhvfwbjyysq bkb rjycekmnfwbjyysq wtynh
gjxnt. vj©tn lfnm dfv ljgjkybntkmye± byajhvfwb± gj ¤njve gjdjle.

¤Z ås crfpfk, xnj cfvjt df©yjt vtcnj d ghjwtcct gj-
Xnj drk±xfnm d dfi pfghjc
lfxb pfzdktybz pfybvftn cjxbytybt, ...jyj lftn dfv
✏ bvz b afvbkb±, flhtc, djphfcn b yfwbjyfkmyjcnm/uhf©lfycndj (dctulf åelmnt ifyc xtnrj dshfpbnm vsckm j njv, xnj ns ghbjåhtk
ytxnj jcjåjt, xnj e ntåz ntgthm tcnm ghtbveotcndj≥.
gjcktljdfntkmys d yfgbcfybb dfituj bvtyb, afvbkbb b flhtcf);
✏ eljcnjdthtybt jå jrjyxfybb chtlytq irjks bkb bvt±obtcz e dfc d yfkbxbb ljre- “ Cneltyn vfntvfnbxtcrjuj afrekmntnf bp Ufys
vtyns j htpekmnfnfö ¤rpfvtyjd bkb ljrevtyns j htpekmnfnfö ¤rpfvtyjd, rjnjhst
Pfgjkytybt b djpdhfotybt vfnthbfkjd lkz gjlfxb pfzdktybz/fyrtns
åelen e dfc d yfkbxbb;
✏ k±åjt jåhfpjdfybt, gjkextyyjt dfvb d ljgjkytybt r chtlytve irjkmyjve (tckb d dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz CIF
nfrjdjt bvttncz);
✏ lbgkjv/(extyfz) cntgtym b ghtlvtn, d rjnjhjv ds öjntkb ås cgtwbfkbpbhjdfnmcz Rfr njkmrj ds gjkexbkb jn rjkktl©tq byajhvfwb±, nofntkmyj ghjxnbnt tt d gjk-
(tckb ds e©t ghbyzkb htitybt yf ¤njn cxtn), b yfvtxtyyfz dfvb lfnf yfxfkf ext- yjv jåütvt. …jkmibycndj extåysö pfdtltybq nhtåe±n ghtljcnfdktybz bv fyfkjubx-
ås; yjq byajhvfwbb, yj jyb vjuen ltkfnm ¤nj hfpkbxysvb cgjcjåfvb. Jåsxyj jn dfc nht-
✏ rfr ds cjåbhftntcm jgkfxbdfnm cdjt jåextybt “ tckb ds ye©lftntcm d ghtljcnfd- åe±n ghtljcnfdktybz cktle±obö ljrevtynjd.
ktybb abyfycjdjq gjvjob cj cnjhjys eybdthcbntnf, dszcybnt bvt±obtcz lkz ¤nj-
uj djpvj©yjcnb; Ajhvf pfzdktybz/fyrtns
✏ htpekmnfns TOEFL, SAT b k±åsö lheubö ntcnjd ghb ghbtvt fåbnehbtynjd, tckb ds
bö e©t ghjikb. Dfif ajhvf pfzdktybz/fyrtns ljk©yf åsnm xtnrjq b zcyjq c ntv, xnjås ghjbpdj-
lbnm öjhjitt dgtxfnktybt. Pf bcrk±xtybtv ckexftd, rjulf dfc cgtwbfkmyj ghjczn pf-
Htubcnhfwbz lkz ghjöj©ltybz ntcnjd ghb ghbtvt fåbnehbtynjd gjkyznm ajhvs jn herb, gjkmpeqntcm gbieotq vfibyrjq bkb ntrcnjdsv ghjwtccj-
hjv. Dfv cktletn hfpvtofnm dfie byajhvfwb± d hfvrfö ghtljcnfdktyyjq dfv ajh-
Tckb ds cjåbhftntcm gjcnegfnm d rjkktl© d ctynzåht (jctyybq ctvtcnh), ghjqlbnt dct vs pfzdktybz/fyrtns b dyjcbnm cdtltybz yf ljgjkybntkmysö kbcnfö njkmrj d ntö cke-
bvt±obt jnyjitybt r ltke ntcns yt gjplytt zydfhz njuj ©t ujlf, f kexit cltkfnm xfzö, rjulf ¤nj ytjåöjlbvj. Ghb cjjåotybb cdtltybq j ctåt cjåk±lfqnt gjcktljdf-
¤nj tot hfymit. (Cv. d Ukfdt 5 åjktt gjlhjåye± byajhvfwb± j nhtåjdfybzö, ghtlü- ntkmyjcnm b dj dctö ljrevtynfö jlbyfrjdj gbibnt dfib bvz b afvbkb±. „nj jåktu-
zdkztvsö r ghjöj©ltyb± ntcnjd b htubcnhfwbb lkz bö ghjöj©ltybz). Dfv cktletn xbn dscibv extåysv pfdtltybzv jnckt©bdfybt dfibö vfnthbfkjd lkz gjlfxb pfzd-
gjkexbnm jn rf©ljuj rjkktl©f gjlndth©ltyye± bv byajhvfwb±, ye©yj kb dfv ghj- ktybz d dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz CIF. Gjvybnt, xnj åjkmibv eybdthcbntnfv CIF
öjlbnm jnåjhjxysq ntcn (SAT I) b jnåjhjxyst ntcns gj jnltkmysv ghtlvtnfv t©tujlyj ghböjlbncz bvtnm ltkj c htubcnhfwbjyysvb lfyysvb nsczx cneltynjd. Yt
(SAT II). Gjvybnt j njv, xnj ds yt vj©tnt ghjqnb SAT I b SAT II d jlby b njn ©t åtcgjrjqntcm gj gjdjle pfgjkytybz uhfas ¤Yjvth cjwbfkmyjuj cnhföjdfybz≥ “ kbåj


68 69
TCKB DS –JNBNT EXBNMCZ D CJTLBYTYYS– INFNF– …FPJDJT EYBDTHCBNTNCRJT J…HFPJDFYBT
UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T
EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF


jcnfdmnt ¤ne uhfae ytpfgjkytyyjq, kbåj yfgbibnt ¤yt bvttncz≥ d pfdbcbvjcnb jn ghb- jåhfpjdfybz ghbcskfkbcm dvtcnt c dfibv pfzdktybtv j ghbtvt yf extåe d rjydthnt,
djlbvsö bycnherwbq. Bpåtufqnt cjrhfotybq. Kexit gbcfnm gjkyjcnm± yfpdfybz b fl- pfgtxfnfyyjv dfitq chtlytq irjkjq, bkb yfghfdkzkbcm ås d rjkktl© ytgjchtlcndty-
htcf dfibö extåysö pfdtltybq b hfåjnjlfntktq, yfpdfybz clfyysö dfvb ¤rpfvtyjd b yj bp ¤njq irjks.
flhtcf exht©ltybq, d rjnjhsö jyb ghjdjlbkbcm, f nfr©t yfpdfybz gjkextyysö dfvb
yfuhfl b flhtcf ghbcelbdibö bö cnherneh. Dctulf ghbdjlbnt byajhvfwb± j dfitv jå- Rjkktl©b CIF kbåj cfvb jwtybdf±n dfib jnvtnrb b ljrevtyns, kbåj byjulf nht-
hfpjdfybb bkb jgsnt hfåjns d kjubxtcrjq gjcktljdfntkmyjcnb, n.t. kbåj d öhjyjkj- åe±n, xnjås byjcnhfyyst fåbnehbtyns pfgkfnbkb cnjhjyytq rjvgfybb, yfpsdftvjq
ubxtcrjv gjhzlrt, kbåj d jåhfnyjv öhjyjkjubxtcrjv gjhzlrt d pfdbcbvjcnb jn htrjvtylfntkmysv ¤rcgthnjv, pf cjcnfdktybt jwtyrb dfibö ljrevtynjd.
bvt±oböcz bycnherwbq. Dfv åelen pflfys djghjcs, rjulf ds öjnbnt ghbcnegbnm r
extåt, yf rfrjv ehjdyt ds åeltnt exbnmcz (jåsxyj d rfxtcndt gthdjrehcybrf bkb d Gjvbvj frfltvbxtcrjq cghfdrb ds nfr©t ljk©ys ghbckfnm pfdthtyyst rjgbb jhbub-
rfxtcndt cneltynf, gthtöjlzotuj bp lheujuj dscituj extåyjuj pfdtltybz) b rfre± yfkjd eljcnjdthtybz jå jrjyxfybb chtlytq irjks, fnntcnfnf phtkjcnb, ljrevtynf,
cntgtym ds yflttntcm gjkexbnm. Gjvybnt j njv, xnj d uhfat, cjlth©fotq djghjc j eljcnjdthz±otuj htpekmnfns pfrk±xbntkmysö ¤rpfvtyjd bkb htubcnhfwbjyysö pfgb-
dfitq ghtlgjkfuftvjq cgtwbfkbpfwbb, ljgecrftncz jndtn: ¤Tot yt ghbyzk/f htitybz≥. ctq dfibö jndtnjd yf k±åsö jåotyfwbjyfkmysö bkb dsgecrysö ¤rpfvtyfö, ghjdjlbd-
iböcz d dfitq cnhfyt. Yt ghbcskfqnt jhbubyfkmysö ljrevtynjd, pf bcrk±xtybtv
Htubcnhfwbjyysq dpyjc ckexftd, rjulf ytn lheujuj dsöjlf; jhbubyfkmyst ljrevtyns, rfr ghfdbkj, yt gjlkt-
©fn djpdhfne. Rjgbb ljk©ys åsnm gjlndth©ltys jabwbfkmyjq gtxfnm± chtlytq irj-
Gjxnb dct eybdthcbntns dpbvf±n ytdjpdhfoftvsq htubcnhfwbjyysq dpyjc, rjnjhsq ks bkb pfdthtys ujcelfhcndtyysv ljk©yjcnysv kbwjv, bvt±obv gjkyjvjxbz yf pf-
gjrhsdftn hfcöjls yf jåhfåjnre dfituj pfzdktybz. Jy gjlkt©bn egkfnt d ljkkfhfö cdbltntkmcndjdfybt gjljåysö ljrevtynjd.
CIF kbåj gentv dsgbcrb xtrf yf jlby bp åfyrjd CIF lkz byrfccfwbb, kbåj gjchtl-
cndjv vt©leyfhjlyjuj ltyt©yjuj gthtdjlf xthtp jnltktybz hfpkbxysö åfyrjd bkb Tckb gjyfljåbncz gthtdjl ljrevtynjd yf fyukbqcrbq zpsr, ds vj©tnt djcgjkmpjdfnm-
ghtlcnfdbntkmcndf rjvgfybb ¤Fvthbr¤y ¤rcghtcc≥. Enjxybnt ntreoe± cevve ¤njuj cz eckeufvb ghjatccbjyfkmyjuj gthtdjlxbrf bkb gthtdtcnb bö cfvb. Gjljåyst gtht-
dpyjcf bp pfzdktybz/fyrtns, yf dtå-cfqnt bkb d cghfdjxybrt dscituj extåyjuj pfdt- djls nfr©t ljk©ys åsnm pfdthtys cjjndtncnde±obv exht©ltybtv bkb futyncndjv.
ltybz. C wtkm± jrfpfybz dfv gjvjob d jceotcndktybb ghjwtccf gjlfxb pfzdktybz d dscitt
extåyjt pfdtltybt Cjtlbytyysö Infnjd ytrjnjhst jåhfpjdfntkmyst byajhvfwbjyyst
Cdtltybz jå jåhfpjdfybb b rjycekmnfwbjyyst wtynhs CIF gthtdjlzn b pfdthz±n ljrevtyns. Pf gjljåyst ec-
keub c dfc vj©tn dpbvfnmcz gkfnf. Yt gsnfqntcm gthtdjlbnm htpekmnfns dfitq extås
Rf©lsq rjkktl© rjyrhtnyj erfpsdftn, rfrbt jabwbfkmyst ljrevtyns nhtåetncz d irjkt b ghjöj©ltybz hfpkbxysö rehcjd d fvthbrfycrbt nthvbys. Dvtcnj ¤njuj
ghtlcnfdbnm tve d rfxtcndt ljrevtynfkmyjuj gjlndth©ltybz gjkextyyjuj dfvb jåhf- gjcnfhfqntcm ghtljcnfdbnm rfr vj©yj åjkmit byajhvfwbb jåotuj öfhfrnthf j ghbvt-
pjdfybz. D fvthbrfycrjq nthvbyjkjubb ¤nb ljrevtyns yfpsdf±ncz frfltvbxtcrbvb yztvjq cbcntvt jwtyjr b dblfö dslfdftvsö eljcnjdthtybq, fnntcnfnjd bkb yfuhfl.
cghfdrfvb. Jyb drk±xf±n d ctåz gthtxtym ghtlvtnjd, bpextyysö fåbnehbtynjv d
chtlytq irjkt, cdtltybz j njv, rjulf jy ghjöjlbk ¤nb ghtlvtns, b jwtyrb, gjkexty- Relf cjjåofnm j htpekmnfnfö ghjöj©ltybz ntcnjd
yst gj rf©ljve bp ybö.
Rjulf ds pfgbcsdftntcm yf ghjöj©ltybt SAT I bkb SAT II, TOEFL bkb lheubö ntcnjd,
Rjkktl© CIF vj©tn ghtljcnfdkznm cgtwbfkmyst ajhvs, d rjnjhst gj ghjcmåt ¤nj- dfv cktletn pyfnm, d rfrbt eybdthcbntns ds öjnbnt gjlfnm pfzdktybt. „nj gjpdjkbn
uj rjkktl©f herjdjlzobt hfåjnybrb dfitq chtlytq irjks dgbcsdf±n gjkextyyst dfv e©t njulf dshfpbnm rjyrhtnyjt ©tkfybt, xnjås dfib jwtyrb pf ghjöj©ltybt ntc-
dfvb jwtyrb b lf±n öfhfrnthbcnbre dfitq ecgtdftvjcnb gj chfdytyb± c ecgtdftvjc- njd yfghfdkzkbcm d dsåhfyyst dfvb eybdthcbntns. Ds c¤rjyjvbnt dhtvz b ltymub,
nm± lheubö extybrjd. Tckb gjljåyst ajhvs yt ghtljcnfdkz±ncz, jn dfitq irjks dsckfd egjvzyenst jwtyrb d gthbjl ghjdtltybz ntcnjd, dvtcnj njuj, xnjås jnltkmyj
dct ©t j©blftncz ghtlcnfdktybt jabwbfkmysö ljrevtynjd, cjlth©fobö byajhvfwb± pfghfibdfnm bö d åjktt gjplybq gthbjl. Ghb gjlfxt pfzdktybz yf extåe gj djpvj©-
nfrjuj hjlf yf abhvtyyjv åkfyrt, crhtgktyyjv irjkmyjq gtxfnm±. Tckb hfåjnybr yjcnb ghbkj©bnt r ytve ajnjrjgb± cjjåotybq j gjkextyysö dfvb jwtyrfö ghjöj©-
gjlhfpltktybz rjkktl©f, jndtncndtyyjuj pf ghbtv fåbnehbtynjd, pfghjcbn jåüzcytybt ltybz ntcnjd. D jabct, jndtncndtyyjv pf ghbtv fåbnehbtynjd, åeltn ktuxt cjgjcnf-
cbcntvs jwtyjr b jghtltktybz kexibö extybrjd d rkfcct bkb ©t öfhfrnthbcnbre dbnm jabwbfkmyst jwtyrb c dfibv pfzdktybtv, b d ytrjnjhsö ckexfzö cjnhelybrb
ghjqltyysö dfvb rehcjd bkb bpextyysö dfvb ghtlvtnjd, ¤nf byajhvfwbz ljk©yf gj ¤njuj jabcf cvjuen ghbcnegbnm r jåhfåjnrt dfituj pfzdktybz, bvtz gjl herjq kbim
djpvj©yjcnb ghtljcnfdkznmcz rtv-kbåj bp ljk©yjcnysö kbw dfitq irjks. Cjnhel- ajnjrjgb± jabwbfkmysö jwtyjr.
ybrb gjlhfpltktybz, jndtncndtyyjuj pf ghbtv fåbnehbtynjd, ghtlgjxbnf±n, xnjås frf-
ltvbxtcrbt cghfdrb j dfitq ecgtdftvjcnb d ghjwtcct gjkextybz dfvb ghtlsleotuj


70 71
TCKB DS –JNBNT EXBNMCZ D CJTLBYTYYS– INFNF– …FPJDJT EYBDTHCBNTNCRJT J…HFPJDFYBT
UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T UKFDF 8 G HF D B K M Y J T J A J H V K T Y B T P F Z D K T Y B Z D D S C I B T
EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF EXT…YST PFDTLTYBZ CIF


✏ Gjlevfnm j njv, xnjås jåüzcybnm ytxnj ytjåsxyjt, gjdkbzditt yf dfie ©bpym d
Pfzdktybt kbxyjuj öfhfrnthf
irjkt b ljvf
✏ Eujdjhbnt lheubö ghjxtcnm dfit cjxbytybt b bcghfdbnm d ytv uhfvvfnbxtcrbt b
¤Yt åjqntcm jnrhsnm cdj± leie “ tckb xnj-nj ltqcn-
dbntkmyj bvttn lkz dfc åjkmijt pyfxtybt, pfdtlbnt jhajuhfabxtcrbt jibårb
jå ¤njv hfpujdjh, gjcrjkmre bvtyyj dfib gjlkbyyst
xedcndf bynthtce±n cjnhelybrjd jabcf gj ghbtve Xtuj yt ye©yj ltkfnm:
fåbnehbtynjd. Jlyfrj ¤nj cnjkm df©yjt lkz dfc xnj-
✏ Kufnm
nj ljk©yj yjcbnm gjpbnbdysq öfhfrnth: gjltkbntcm
✏ Ghb dsåjht ntvs cjxbytybz levfnm njkmrj j njv, xnjås ghjbpdtcnb öjhjitt dgt-
c ybvb ntv, rfrjt pyfxtybt bvtk lkz dfc ghjiksq
jgsn, rfr jy bpvtybk dfc, xtve ds yfexbkbcm≥. xfnktybt
✏ Gbcfnm nj, xnj öjnzn edbltnm d dfitv cjxbytybb ghtlcnfdbntkb rjkktl©f; yfps-
“ Cneltyn afrekmntnf vjktrekzhyjq åbjkjubb
dfqnt bcnbyyst ghbxbys, gj rjnjhsv ds gjlftnt pfzdktybt d lfyyjt extåyjt pfdt-
b utytnbrb bp Hevsybb
ltybt
✏ Jndthufnm ghtlkj©tybt rjkktl©f gjåjkmit gbcfnm j ctåt
Vyjubt dscibt extåyst pfdtltybz ghtlkfuf±n fåbnehbtynfv d rfxtcndt cjcnfdkz±otq
✏ Gbcfnm cjxbytybt (bkb jajhvkznm lheubt ljrevtyns, zdkz±obtcz xfcnm± ghjwtc-
ghjwtccf gjlfxb pfzdktybz yf extåe ghtlcnfdbnm gbcmvtyyjt pfzdktybt kbxyjuj öfhfr-
nthf bkb cjxbytybt. Rjulf d eybdthcbntnt cjnhelybrb jabcf gj ghbtve fåbnehbtynjd cf gjlfxb pfzdktybz yf extåe) dtxthjv yfrfyeyt njuj lyz, rjulf gjkj©tyj clfnm
xbnf±n ¤ne xfcnm pfzdktybz, jyb vjuen jghtltkbnm, cgjcjåty kb fåbnehbtyn dytcnb cdjq ¤ne gbcmvtyye± hfåjne bkb ljrevtyns
drkfl d bö extåyjt pfdtltybt, f nfr©t, d cjcnjzybb kb bö extåyjt pfdtltybt eljdktn-

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