LINEBURG


<< Пред. стр.

страница 7
(всего 7)

ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

пользователей пестицидов, в том числе фермеров, в соответствии с


43 Сеть Действий в отношении Пестицидов Германии
Руководство к действию в области пестицидов


минимальными стандартами Сообщества.
• Обязательные технические требования к оборудованию и средствам хранения,
связанным с применением пестицидов, а также их регулярные инспекции.
• Координированный мониторинг и оценка данных, касающихся воздействия
используемых пестицидов на здоровье человека и экосистем, включая
долгосрочные программы исследования.
• Координированные системы для сбора информации, касающейся
производства, импорта, экспорта, продаж, распределения и использования
пестицидов, включая обязательную отчетность и сообщение обо всех
применениях пестицидов, в том числе их количеств в расчете на
сельскохозяйственную культуру.
• Запрещение применения пестицидов с помощью самолетов, а также в зонах,
наиболее уязвимых в отношении пестицидов.
• Доступ к информации и общественное участие в принятии решений о
пестицидах на Европейском и национальном уровнях.



Источники: ПАН Европы: Предлагаемый текст директивы по сокращению
использования пестицидов в Европе (PURE): www.pan-europe.net
ПАН Европы: Исследование "Как организовать общественное участие в процессе
оценки пестицидов?” (2003). Может быть получено от Координатора ПАН Европы в
Лондоне.
ПАН Германии: Исследование "Сообщения об использовании пестицидов - варианты
и возможности для Европы” (2003): www.pan-germany.org
ПАН Германии: Позиция по вопросам прозрачности и участия (2003): www.pan-
germany.org
ПАН Европы: Позиция по вопросам разрешения пестицидов (2001); комментарии
относительно сообщения Европейской Комиссии "К стратегии по устойчивому
использованию пестицидов" (2002): www.pan-europe.net




.......................................... 44
Сеть Действий в отношении Пестицидов Германии
Руководство к действию в области пестицидов




1 1 Литература
1 PAN Germany (2003): Pesticides Registered in Eastern European Countries, Usage, Registration,
Identification and Evaluation, Part 1: Poland (119 p.) by L. Neumeister & E. Hajduk, Pestizid Aktions-
Netzwerk e.V. (PAN Germany), Hamburg
2 PAN Germany (2003): Pesticides Registered in Eastern European Countries, Identification and
Evaluation, Part 2: Hungary (117 p.) by L. Neumeister, Pestizid Aktions-Netzwerk e.V. (PAN Ger-
many), Hamburg
3 PAN Germany (2003): Pesticides Registered in Eastern European Countries, Usage, Registration,
Identification and Evaluation, Part 3: Czech Republic (124 p.) by L. Neumeister & B.Sarapatka a.o.,
Pestizid Aktions-Netzwerk e.V. (PAN Germany), Hamburg
4 PAN Germany (2003): Pesticides Registered in Eastern European Countries, Usage, Registration,
Identification and Evaluation, Part 4: Slovenia (100 p.) by L. Neumeister, Pestizid Aktions-Netzwerk
e.V. (PAN Germany), Hamburg
5 PAN Germany (2001): The Stockholm Convention (POPs Convention) - An international, legally
binding regulation for the global elimination of extremely dangerous pollutants by Carina Weber,
Pestizid Aktions-Netzwerk e.V. (PAN Germany), Hamburg
6 PAN Germany (2002):The Rotterdam Convention (PIC Convention) an international binding regula-
tion for the control of international trade with specific hazardous chemicals by Carina Weber, Pestizid
Aktions-Netzwerk e.V. (PAN Germany), Hamburg
7 PAN United Kingdom (2002): PRESS RELEASE 11 March 2002, Girl dies after eating minute a-
mount of lindane, available at: http://www.pan-uk.org/press/lindeath.htm
8 European Chemical Bureau (2001): Preliminary list of biocides submitted to PAN Germany
9 US Environmental Protection Agency Office of Pesticide Programmes (2000): List of Chemicals
Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential, U.S. EPA Office of Pesticide Programmes, Washington, DC,
USA
10 National Research Council (1995): Pesticides in the diets of infants and children, National Acad-
emy Press, Washington DC
11 European Environmental Agency (EEA), World Health Organisation (WHO), (2002): Main risks to
children from exposure to environmental hazards, Fact sheet 02/2002, Copenhagen and Brussels, 15
April 2002
12 PAN North America (1999): Disrupting the Balance, Ecological Impacts of Pesticides in California
by Kegley, S., Neumeister, L., Martin, T., Pesticide Action Network North America, Californians for
Pesticide Reform, San Francisco, USA 13 Mineau, P., et a.l (2001): Pesticide Acute Toxicty Reference
Values for Birds, Rev Environ Contam Toxicol 170:13-74, Springer Verlag
14 United Nations Environment Programme (1992): Rio Declaration on Environment and Develop-
ment, available at www.unep.org
15 Raffensperger, C., Schettler, T., Myers, N. (2000): Precaution: Belief, Regulatory System, and
Overarching Principle, in International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Volume 6,
Number 4 page 267-268
16 Saladin, C. (2000):Precautionary Principle in International Laws, in International Journal of Occup
tional and Environmental Health, Volume 6, Number 4 page 270-271
17 European Environmental Bureau, (14.02.2003): Press release “Environmental groups urge
amendments to proposed new EU constitutional treaty” by Birdlife International, Climate Action Net-
work Europe, European Environmental Bureau, Friends of Nature International, European Federation
for Transport and Environment, Friends of the Earth Europe, Greenpeace, Mediterranean Information
Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development and World Wide Fund for Nature
18 European Commission (2000): Communication from the Commission on the precautionary princi-
ple, COM(2000) 1, page 4, Brussels
19 European Commission (2000): Proposal for a Commission Directive amending Directive 91/321/
EEC on infant formulae and follow-on formulae, Document SANCO/969/2000 - rev 1
20 European Commission (2001): Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European
Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, On the sixth envi-
ronment action programme of the European Community,'Environment 2010: Our future, Our choice' -


..........................................
The Sixth Environment Action Programme - Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and


45 Сеть Действий в отношении Пестицидов Германии
Руководство к действию в области пестицидов


of the Council Laying Down, The Community Environment Action Programme 2001- 2010
21 European Council (1978): Council Directive of 21 December 1978 prohibiting the placing on the
market and use of plant protection products containing certain active substances plus its amendments,
Official Journals: L 33, 8.2.1979; L 296, 27. 10. 1990; L 159, 10. 6. 1989; L 212, 2. 8. 1986; L 71, 14.
3. 1987; L 212, 2. 8. 1986; L 152, 26. 5. 1986; L 91, 9. 4. 1983
22 European Union (1991): Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of
plant protection products on the market, Official Journal 230, Brussels, Belgium
23 European Commission, Press release 4th of July 2002: 320 pesticides to be withdrawn in July
2003, http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/ph_ps/pro/index_en.htm
24 European Union (1967): Council Directive 67/548/EEC of 27 June 1967 on the approximation of
laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling
of dangerous substance, Official Journal 196, Brussels, Belgium 25 PAN Germany (2002): From Law
to Field - Pesticide Use Reduction in Agriculture - From Pesticide
Residue Analyses to Action by Neumeister, L., Mucke, M., Ruhnau, M. Weber, C., Pestizid Aktions-
Netzwerk Germany, Hamburg, Germany 26 PAN Europe (2001): Position paper on false implementa-
tion of Directive 91/414 (harmonisation of pesticides), and proposals for amending the directive, Ham-
burg, Germany
27 National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), (1999): Pesticides in groundwater:
occurrences and ecological impacts, RIVM report 601506002, Bilthoven, The Netherlands 28 U.S.
Department of Agriculture (1996): The Netherlands' Alternatives to Methyl Bromide, Washin ton DC,
USA
29 European Union (2002): Commission Regulation (EC) No 2076/2002 of 20 November 2002, Official
Journal 319/3, Brussels, Belgium
30 United Nations Environment Programme, (2000): Case Studies on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide,
Technologies with low environmental impact, UNEP, France
31 1. Council Directive 76/895/EEC of 23 November 1976 relating to the fixing of maximum levels for
pesticide residues in and on fruit and vegetables (1), as last amended by Commission Directive
2000/57/EC; 2. Council Directive 86/362/EEC of 24 July 1986 on the fixing of maximum levels for
pesticide residues in and on cereals, as last amended by Commission Directive 2000/81/EC; 3. Coun-
cil Directive 86/363/EEC of 24 July 1986 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and
on foodstuffs of animal origin (5), as last amended by Directive 2000/81/EC; 4. Council Directive
90/642/EEC of 27 November 1990 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on
products of plant origin, including fruit and vegetables (6), as last amended by Directive 2000/81/EC
32 P A N U P S, Pesticide Action Network Updates Service (2003): New Reports Find Pesticides in
People, February 14, 2003
33 European Commission (2003): Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the
Council on maximum residue levels of pesticides in products of plant and animal origin, Brussels,
14.3.2003 COM(2003) 117 final 2003/0052 (COD)
34 Commission Directive 91/321/EEC of 14 May 1991 on infant formulae and follow-on formulae, as
last amended by Directive 1999/50/EC
35 Commission Directive 96/5/EC on processed cereal-based foods and baby foods for infants and
young children, Official Journal L 49, 28.2.1996
36 Commission Directive1999/50/EC of 25 May 1999 amending Directive 91/321/EEC on infant formu-
lae and follow-on formulae, Official Journal L 139/29
37 European Commission (2003): Commission Directive 2003/13/EC amending Directive 96/5/EC on
processed cereal-based foods and baby foods for infants and young children, Official Journal L 41/33
38 European Commission (2003): Commission Directive 2003/14/EC amending Directive 91/321/EEC
on infant formulae and follow-on formulae, Official Journal L 41/37
39 World Health Organisation/ International Programme on Chemical Safety (2001): Inventory of IPCS
and other WHO pesticide evaluation and summary of toxicological evaluations performed by the
Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR) through 2001, WHO/IPCS, Vienna, Switzerland
40 European Commission (2003): Monitoring of Pesticide Residues in Products of Plant Origin in the
European Union, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein, 2001Report
41 ibid 40


..........................................
42 European Commission (2003): Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed Report for the Year 2002,


46
Сеть Действий в отношении Пестицидов Германии
Руководство к действию в области пестицидов


Brussels
43 Copied with permission of the Environmental Working Group: www.foodnews.org, www.ewg.org,
Washington DC, USA
44 Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Pesticide Safety Directorate (2002): 17 De-
cember 2002- EU Food Alert System: (Rapid Alert Notification)
http://www.pesticides.gov.uk/citizen/residues/other/methomyl_in_spinach_from_Spain.htm
45 U.S. EPA, Office of Pesticide Programmes (2000): Science Policy on The Use of Data on Choli-
nesterase Inhibition for Risk Assessments of Organophosphorous and Carbamate Pesticides, p. 16.
Office of Pesticide Programme, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, USA
46 Luijk, R., Schalk, S., Muilerman, H,. (2000): Have we lost our heads? Neurotoxin residues harmful
to the developing brains of our children, Consumentenbond and Stichting Natuur en Milieu, The Neth-
erlands
47 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pesticide Programs, (2002): Guidance on Cumu-
lative Risk Assessment of Pesticide Chemicals That Have a Common Mechanism of Toxicity, Wash-
ington, D.C.
48 WHO Regional Office for Europe and the European Environment Agency (2002): Press release
EURO 08/02, Contaminated environment jeopardizes our children’s health, Amsterdam and Brussel
49 personal communication with Sandra Bell, Friends of the Earth’s Real Food campaign
50 Friends of the Earth United Kingdom Real Food Campaign: http://www.foe.co.uk/campaigns/
real_food/press_for_change/league_table/index.html
51 Maria Fernanda Cavieres, James Jaeger and Warren Porter (2002): Development Toxicity of a
Commercial Herbicide Mixture in Mice: I. Effects on Embryo Implantation and Litter Size, Environ-
mental Health Perspectives, Volume 110, Number 11, page 1081
52 European Commission DG Environment website: Directive 76/464/EEC - Water pollution by dis-
charges of certain dangerous substances http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/water/water-
dangersub/candidate_list_1.htm and List I of families and groups of substances: http://europa.eu.int/
comm/environment/water/water-dangersub/list1.htm
53 European Community, Official Journal L331/1, Entscheidung Nr. 2455/2001/EG Des Europaischen
Parlaments und des Rates vom 20. November 2001 zur Festlegung der Liste prioritarer Stoffe im
Bereich der Wasserpolitik und zur Anderung der Richtlinie 2000/60/EG, Brussels
54 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establish-
ing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy, Official Journal L 327
55 European Council, (1998): Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water
intended for human consumption, Official Journal L330, 5.12.98, Brussels
56 European Environmental Bureau (2003): EEB comments on Commission’s Groundwater Discus-
sion Paper – Draft 1.0, Brussels
57 Tilburg University, DeSite: http://drcwww.kub.nl/dbi/instructie/eu/en/T0.htm, Text used with permis-
sion by Pieter Jan Boon, European Information Specialist, Tilburg University, The Netherlands
58 Personal communication with Mr. Muller, Bundesamt fur Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsi-
cherheit (BVL)




..........................................
47 Сеть Действий в отношении Пестицидов Германии

<< Пред. стр.

страница 7
(всего 7)

ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

Copyright © Design by: Sunlight webdesign