LINEBURG


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line loss, 11 cameras, 323, 327
radiofrequency (RF) transmission line, 11 for video capturing, 329
waveguide transmission lines, 61 Video format standard
transmission loss types CIF, 326
interference, 90 QCIF, 326
multipath losses, 90 videoconference test, 339
propagation losses, 88 videoconferencing cameras placing
transmission loss, in Wi-Fi links, 316 of camcorder camera, 343
transmission losses, 88, 89 of USB camera, 343
transmission power, of directional antenna, 83 videoconferencing software
transmit antenna gain, for link budget calculation, 89 CU-SeeMe, 330
transmitter power output (TPO), 84 Microsoft NetMeeting, 330
Treasure Hunt Polycom, 330
access point detecting, 278 Videoconferencing software, Microsoft NetMeeting, 323
defined, 277 videoconferencing standards
map used, 278 CIF, 326
playing, 277 for packet-switched networks, 325
SSID pointer, 278, 279 H.320, 325
SSID usage, 277 H.323, 325
TCP/IP address, 279 multipoint, 326
variations, 279 point-to-point, 326
Web site, use of, 279 QCIF, 326
Treasure Hunt, categories T.120, 325
Best Signal, 277 VoIP, 325
Best Time, 277 videoconferencing, antenna options
triangulation method high-gain omnidirectional, 341
defined, 270 mid-gain directional, 341
for access point (AP) finding, 270 mid-gain omnidirectional, 341
for access point (AP) gaming, 269 videoconferencing, car-to-car, 323
using directional antenna, 270 Videoconferencing, defined, 324
TurboNet installing steps, 290 View menu, NetStumbler, 134
two-party videoconferencing, 330 virtual port mapping, USB to COM, 114
Virtual Real-Space Tour, 280
U virtual tour
382 Index V“W I




access point discovering, 280 wireless wireless card, installing of, 118
Web site, use of, 280 war driving tips
virtual tours, 267 antenna cable, running of, 123
virus protection, for wireless LAN, 185 audio trigger setting, 123
Voice-over-Internet protocol, for videoconferencing, 325 careful driving, 124
VoIP, videoconferencing standard, 325 color scheme, selecting of, 124
voltage matching, for outdoor access point building, 177 log files, auto-saving of, 124
war driving tools, 267
W war driving with NetStumbler, 127
wall-mounted high-gain antenna, 97 war driving, around the neighborhood, 123
WAN. See wide area network war driving, using NetStumbler, 143
war driving overview, 103 warflying, defined, 277
war driving water testing, of access point, 200
access points configuration, 123 waterproof box
antenna gain aspects, 117 for building outdoor access point, 178
based on seeking access points, 104 for mounting electronic equipment outdoors, 180
components, 103 for temperature range and humidity tolerance, 178
dangers involved, 123 plastic food container, 178
defined, 104 waterproof box, for outdoor access point, 171
detecting wireless networks, 106 waterproof sealant, for access point building, 171
getting started with, 103 waveguide antenna
overview, 103 dimensions, 62
software, 103 sizing, 62
war driving card, 107. See also wireless card waveguide can antenna, 63
war driving components waveguide can antenna building, 63
antenna and pigtail, 103 waveguide transmission line, 62
global positioning system (GPS) unit, 103 waveguide transmission lines
GPS receiver, 128 constructing, 62
Laptop computer, 103, 128 use of waveguide antenna, 62
NetStumbler software, 128 waveguides, 59, 61
wireless network adapter, 103 wavelength, 6
war driving essence weather problem, for Wi-Fi links
discovery, 127 ice buildup on antenna elements, 310
logging, 127 impedance mismatching, 310
mapping, 127 standing wave ratio (SWR), 310
scanning, 127, 130 weather-proof case, building of, 171
war driving file format exporting, 152 Web browsing, 243
war driving in a car, 108 Web forwarding service, 263
war driving map, of West Los Angeles, 145 Web site using, for real world touring, 280
war driving results, mapping of, 145 Web sites accessing, via NoCat, 240, 243, 251, 265
war driving software Webcams. See USB cameras
for Macintosh computers, 128 wedge antenna, 69
interfacing with the GPS, 114 wedge radiating element, 68, 69, 71
Kismet, 110 wedge radiating element, defined, 71
Linux computers, 128 wedge radiating element, dimensions, 72
MiniStumbler, 109 weirdness requirement for connectors, 96
NetStumbler, 109 WEP. See also Wired Equivalent Privacy
signal scanning aspects, 104 WEP-enabled, access points, 130
war driving software, choosing aspects WEP encryption. See Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
interoperability, 109 WEP key, for videoconferencing, 337
network adapters types, 109 WEP on access point, 184
war driving software, for access point (AP) WEP, for TiVo, 297
games, 268, 269, 282 Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS), 150
war driving software, for mapping results, 145 wide area network (WAN)
war driving software, interfacing with GPS, 114 connecting to Linux box, 248
war driving system installing steps, for the car for hotspot creating, 239
global positioning system (GPS), adding of, 118, 121 networking devices, 239
power sources, plugging in, 121 Wi-Fi adapter for digiframe, 345
rooftop antenna, attaching of, 118, 120 Wi-Fi adapter choosing, for war driving, 124
software launching, 119, 122 Wi-Fi adapter, for digiframe, 349, 351
wireless card, installing of, 119 Wi-Fi adapters, 130
383
Index W“W I




Wi-Fi antenna, for videoconferencing, 323 WiMap interface, 149
Wi-Fi antennas WiMap program options, 159
can antenna, 59 WiMap Utility, 149
completed paperclip antenna, 35 Windows laptop computers for
directional antenna, 40 videoconferencing, 323
omnidirectional antenna, 37 Windows registry hacking, 354
Wi-Fi can antennas. See can antennas Windows, NetStumbler, 134
Wi-Fi card for digiframe, 349 Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
Wi-Fi card, for videoconferencing, 323 defined, 130
Wi-Fi cards, 32, 131 for wireless network security, 130
Wi-Fi channel 6. See also radio waves limitations, 130
2.437 GHz, 7 WEP, 141
antenna design, 7 Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) cracking, 184
center frequency, 9 wireless access point (AP), 239, 244
dimensions, 7 wireless access point, for TiVo, 288
Wi-Fi channel, recording, 142 wireless access point, for videoconferencing, 342
Wi-Fi channels wireless access points
802.11b specified channels, 8 for long-distance wireless link, 303
in the United States, 9 logging of, 269
Wi-Fi devices wireless adapter
wireless access point, 10 compatibility with NetStumbler, 128
wireless client adapter, 10 for access point (AP) games, 267, 269, 276
wireless-to-ethernet bridge, 10 for Wi-Fi link testing, 319
Wi-Fi digiframe, 345, 347 locating, 130
Wi-Fi frequencies, 62 wireless backhaul. See backhaul links
Wi-Fi hotspots, 103, 162 wireless bridge
Wi-Fi link design considerations long-distance wireless link, 303
antenna location, 308 solar repeater, 225
antenna types, 307 wireless repeater configuring, 212
beam tilt, 310 wireless Broadband adapter, for TiVo, 289
Fresnel zone, 313 wireless card
grounding, 310 choosing, 47
obstacles and impedance, 309 digiframe, 349
polarization, 309 paperclip antenna project, 47
weather, 310 war driving, 107, 118
Wi-Fi link making network settings, 320 internal antennas, 108
Wi-Fi link problems wireless card and GPS interface, status messages, 130
antenna alignment, 321 wireless client adapter
bad cables, 321 providing wireless connectivity, 10
Fresnel zone obstructions, 321 TiVo, 287
intermittent signal problems, 322 wireless communication, 4
network configuration, 321 wireless computing, 4
ping problems, 321 wireless data services, risk management, 242
Wi-Fi link tuning wireless devices, for repeater configuring, 212
signal strength, 320 wireless digital picture frame, 345
signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) measuring, 320 wireless ethernet bridge, 177
Wi-Fi project components Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi), 4
antenna system, 9 wireless hotspot network, open, 238
data signal, 9 wireless hotspot, creating, 237
data to radiofrequency (RF) converter, 9 wireless ISP, 238, 242
radio transceiver, 9 wireless LAN (WLAN). See also wireless
transmission line, 9 networking
Wi-Fi radios, in wireless repeaters, 211 connecting to TiVo, 297
Wi-Fi video, 323 digiframe, 350
Wi-Fi videoconferencing steps traffic graphing, 202
camera setting, 326 war driving, 108
cars preparing, 326, 340 network intrusion, while war driving, 124
data transmission path, developing of, 326 security, 184, 185
videoconference program configuring, 326, 332 TCP/IP interface, disabling of, 124
Wi-Fi link setting, 326, 337 wireless link establishing, for videoconferencing, 323
WiMap, 159 wireless network
384 Index W“Y I




detecting of, 106 wireless PC-card adapter, for TiVo, 289
discovering, while war driving, 123 wireless PC-card, for TiVo, 291
for digiframe, 349 wireless radios, for repeater configuring, 212
for free, 238 wireless radios, installing of, 224
for war driving, 123 wireless repeater powering, 234
range determining, 143 wireless repeater, configuring
security, 184 access point, 212
setting up steps, for TiVo, 297 bridge configuring, 212
videoconferencing configuring, 337 bridge-mode devices, 212
wireless network adapter. See also wireless adapter wireless repeater, solar powered, 207
choosing aspects, 107 wireless scanners, 110
design, 106, 108 wireless security, 130
for war driving, 106 Wireless Signal Booster (WSB24), 99
selecting, 103 wireless USB adapters, for Series 2 TiVo, 292
types, 106 wireless video link, car-to-car, 323
wireless network discovery platform. See also NetStumbler; wireless videoconferencing, 323
Ministumbler wireless Web browsers, 328
wireless network scanning utility Wi-Scan files, 142
for network discovering and logging, 127 Wi-Scan format, 142
NetStumbler, 127 WLAN. See wireless LAN
wireless network security, 184. See also Wired Equivalent Privacy WLAN link planning elements
(WEP) effective receiving sensibility, 314
wireless networking, 4, 238, 267 effective transmitting power, 314
wireless networking devices propagation loss, 314
adapters, 5
X
base stations, 5
bridges, 5 XMap, 161
disk drive arrays, 5
Y
hotspot controllers, 5
presentation gateways, 5 Yagi antenna
Wi-Fi cameras, 5 as directional antenna, 41
wireless networking software, for antenna testing, 56 as paperclip antenna, 35
wireless networking understanding, via NetStumbler for access point gaming, 270
using, 127 high-gain Wi-Fi, 41
wireless NIC, 239 with Pringles can, 60

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