LINEBURG


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NetStumbler compatibility networking, using solar power, 207
Wi-Fi adapter cards, 128 NIC. See network interface card
Windows versions, 128 NIC connected to the AP, 251
NetStumbler configuring NIC connected to the WAN, 251
customizing options, 133 NoCat approach
for GPS receiver communication, 136 based internet accessing, 242
General tab options, 134 for Web browsing, 242
GPS tab, 136 NoCat auth server, 250
menu items, overview, 133 NoCat chain rules, 260
MIDI tab, 135 NoCat chains, 260
NetStumbler data files, 142, 143 NoCat configuration file, 252, 258
NetStumbler export files, 154, 155, 159 NoCat configuring
NetStumbler file, 165 parameters setting, 250
NetStumbler files, exporting, 127 reviewing and editing of configuration file, 250
NetStumbler filters, 139 NoCat hardware setup, 244
NetStumbler format, 157 NoCat hotspot, 240
NetStumbler installing steps NoCat log, 242, 244, 264
file launching, 129 NoCat log file, 243
launching NetStumbler, 130 NoCat login screen, 253
NetStumbler downloading, 128 NoCat network, 237, 240
testing of installation, 130 NoCat parameters, setting
NetStumbler interface AllowedWebHosts, 251
access point (AP) details logging, 127 AuthServiceAddr, 251
use of, 127 DNSAddr, 251
NetStumbler interfacing, with adapters, 132 ExcludePorts, 251
NetStumbler into DeLorme Street Atlas, files exporting steps, 159 ExternalDevice, 251
NetStumbler launching steps, 130 GatewayMode, 250
NetStumbler log files, 282 GatewayName, 250
NetStumbler releases, 131 IncludePorts, 251
NetStumbler Summary format, 153 InternalDevice, 251
376 Index N“P I




LocalNetwork, 251 weather, 310
MembersOnly, 251 antenna radiating elements, 307
NoCat software, 240, 242 antenna radiating elements, 308
NoCat splash screen, 255
O
NoCat testing
by redirecting users to a particular site, 256 omni antenna. See omnidirectional antenna
of Allowed Web Hosts feature, 255 omni antenna radiation pattern, 77
under open mode operation, 255 omni antenna regulations, 86
via assessing of NoCat, 252 omni versus directional antenna
via Google assessing, 253 focused beams, 84
via IPtables checking, 254 gain and coverage relationship, 84
via registering and logging in, 253 omnidirectional antenna
NoCat troubleshooting access points, 86
allowing redirected site, 258 coaxial antenna, 38
splash screens, 264, 266 dipole antenna, 37
NoCat troubleshooting tools for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 307
Ethereal, 266 vertical driven array antenna, 39
IPtables, 266 omnidirectional antenna, defined, 35, 37, 83
log file, 266 omnidirectional antenna, for access point (AP) gaming, 276
NoCat, configuring, 237 omnidirectional antenna, for war driving, 117
NoCat, gateway component, 240 omnidirectional antenna, radiation pattern, 84
NoCat, installing of, 237 omnidirectional antennas for access point (AP) games, 269
NoCat, pre-install setup of open mode configuration, of splash screen, 241
access point (AP), 244 open mode, NoCat login, 241
Linux box, 244 open mode, NoCatAuth, 240, 251
WAN connection, 244 open wireless hotspot network, 238
NoCat, testing, 237 operating system, for access point games, 282
NoCat, testing and using, 251 Options dialog, NetStumbler settings, 134
NoCatAuth, 237, 239, 243 Options panel, for NetStumbler 0.3.30, 134
NoCatAuth configurations Orinoco PC card, 108
open mode, 240 outdoor access point
passive mode, 240 building, 171
NoCatAuth gateway, 243 building tools, 175
NoCatAuth login location selecting, 172
authorization server, 240 powering source, 173
via password, 240 safety factors, 173
via user name, 240 trade-offs, 174
NoCatAuth on Linux box, installing steps, 249 using power-over-ethernet (PoE) cable, 173
NoCatAuth, captive portal software, 240 outdoor access point (AP), location selecting, 172
NoCatAuth, defined, 240 outdoor access point configuring steps, 182
NoCatAuth, downloading, 239 outdoor access point, building components, 171
NoCatSplash, 239, 242, 243 outdoor access point, configuring, 182
noise levels, reporting, 139 Overview mode, of NetStumbler features, 137
NS1 file, 142 Overview mode, of NetStumbler, 137
NS1 files, exporting, 141
P
NS1 files, merging, 140
NS1 log files, working with, 139 panel mount structure, bolting up, 229
N-type connectors paperclip antenna
N-female, 16 building, 35, 48, 50
N-male, 16 dimensions, 50
Numerical Electromagnetic Code (NEC), 76 gain properties, 57
NYCWireless, 237 lightweight, budget-conscious features, 57
obstacles and impedance aspects, of long-distance W-Fi links mounting and testing, 56
atmospheric conditions effects, 309 signal strength, measuring, 56
beam tilt, 310 paperclip antenna building components, 46
grounding, 310 drill bit, 46
line-of-sight (LOS)transmission, 309 needle-nosed pliers, 46
polarization, 309 paperclips, 46
receiver synchronization, 309 Solder iron, 46
spectrum background noise, 309 Wi-Fi pigtail cable, 46
temperature effects, 309 paperclip antenna building steps
377
Index P“P I




creating of dipole, 50 pigtail purchasing aspects
inserting, of antenna elements, 54 cable connector, 31
pigtail soldering, 52 device connector, 31
pigtail, preparing, attaching, and securing, 48, 51 length of pigtail, 31
preparing of antenna platform, 49 pigtail securing, 52
preparing of wire prongs, 48 Pigtail soldering to dipole, 52
paperclip antenna testing steps, 56 pigtails for Wi-Fi link testing, 319
paperclip antenna, experiment with ping problems, for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 321
attaching of paperclip Yagi, 57 plastic box testing, 199
change in antenna polarization, 57 plastic case modifying aspects, of access point assembling, 193
paperclip antenna, mounting and testing, 56 plastic case modifying tools
paperclip lengths (in inches and centimeters), 49 drills, 193
parabolic antenna, 42 handsaw, 193
parabolic dish antenna for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 308 plastic fasteners, use of, 197
parabolic grid antenna, 232 platform materials, for paperclip antenna building
parasitic array antenna, 41 preparing, 49
passive mode wooden platform, 49, 52
NoCat login, 242, 251 PoE. See power-over-ethernet
NoCatAuth, 240 PoE adapter, 192, 199
password login, 243, 250 PoE adapter, standards, 177
password setting, for access point configuring, 188 PoE cable, challenges with sending low voltage DC, 177
patch antennas, 42 PoE setup, 173
path loss, 311 Point-to-multipoint rules. See also FCC regulations
path loss, in free space, 316 EIRP limit, 86
PC card, 107, 108. See also wireless card for Linksys BEFW11S4 access point, 86
PC Cards, for digiframe, 349 transmitter power output reduction, 85
PC computer, for TiVo, 288 point-to-multipoint transmissions, 85
PCI wireless card, 202 point-to-point network link, 211
PCMCIA Wi-Fi adapter for digiframe, 345, 349 point-to-point rules. See also FCC regulations
PDA. See personal digital assistants for Linksys access points, 87
peer-to-peer connection settings, for videoconferencing, 337 transmitter power output (TPO) reduction, 86
peer-to-peer connection, for setting Wi-Fi link, 337 point-to-point versus multipoint network, 85
peer-to-peer video session, 326, 332 point-to-point videoconference, 326, 330
personal digital assistant (PDA), 4 point-to-point, videoconferencing standard, 326
personal digital assistants (PDA), for war driving, 106 polarization aspects, of Wi-Fi links, 309
phase cancellation, 90 pole mount, for solar power system, 228
photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems, 209 Polycom, 330
picking the right antenna, 83 portal, 240, 251
picture frame ports, for war driving purposes, 121
defined, 346 power consumption, on various inverters, 118
mounting of, 360 power inverter for Wi-Fi link testing, 319
shutting dowm, 362 power inverter, for access point (AP) gaming, 272
pictures updating, 363 power supply, for war driving laptop
pigtail AC supply, 121
attaching to access point, 91 DC power source, 121
for access point configuring, 192 powering sources for videoconferencing components, 342
for war driving, 103 powering tools, for war driving, 116
jumper cables, 3 power-over-ethernet, 177
selecting, 3 power-over-ethernet (PoE) adapter
pigtail and connector mating, for war driving purpose, 119 DC nad AC power sending aspects, 177
pigtail cable DWL-P100, 177
attaching, 48, 51 for outdoor access point building, 171
attaching to access point, 92 power-over-ethernet (PoE) cable, 171
for attaching access point and pigtail, 96 preparing, attaching, and securing, the pigtail, 48
preparing, 48 Pringles can antenna
securing, 48, 52 construction, 60
pigtail cable attaching, to access point, 92 directional pattern, 60
pigtail connector Yagi antenna with Pringles can covering, 60
female MMCX connector, 48 Pringles can Yagi antenna, 60
male MMCX connector, 48 propagation loss, in Wi-Fi links, 314, 315
pigtail matching, for access point building, 171 propagation losses
378 Index P“S I




defined, 88 redirected site allowing, 258
Fresnel zone incursions, 89 remote control program, for digiframe, 349, 353
from the access point, 89 remote viewing via TiVo. See also Home Media Option
pushpin, 154 repeater
pushpin features, of Microsoft MapPoint, 148 building of, 207
PV. See photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems mounting of, 207
PV module, 213 setting up, 207, 211
PV panel, inspecting, 221 solar powered, 207
PV panels, 216. See also solar panel repeater mode, 212
PV sources, finding of, 216 reverse polarity, 95
reverse polarity (RP), 15
Q reverse polarity (RP) and reverse threading (RT), comparison of, 96
QCIF, videoconferencing standard, 326 reverse polarity connectors
female, 15
R male, 15
radiating element building, 59 reverse polarity SMA connector, 96
radiating element shapes, 68 reverse polarity TNC connectors, 95
radiation exposure aspects of high-gain antennas, 87 reverse threading (RT), 96
radiation lobes, for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 307 RF. See radio frequencies
radiation pattern, 42 RF energy, safety rules, 81
radiator element length, 69, 70 rig powering tools
radiator elements measurements, 69 DC power supply, 117
radio broadcasting. See also radio transmission DC-to-AC inverter, 117
licensed bands, 7 formula for power, 117
permission, 8 lighter power splitter, 117
unlicensed bands, 8 rooftop antenna, for war driving, 120
radio frequencies, 60 Room Service Fox Hunt, playing, 274
radio frequencies (RF) round radiating element, 68, 69
microwaves, 5 round radiating element making, 70
understanding, 5 round radiating element, cutting and insulation, 70
radio frequency (RF) energy, 45 round radiating element, defined, 70
radio frequency (RF) transmission, 61 RT. See reverse polarity
radio frequency transmission, 62 running of antenna cable, for access point and antenna attaching, 96
radio in the access point, 85
S
radio in the Linksys BEFW11S4 access
point, 86 safety factors, for outdoor access point building, 181
radio interference, 211 satellite and aerial imaging sites, 163
radio receiver, 267 satellite and aerial imaging, for mapping, 163
radio stations, 8 scanning software. See war driving software
radio transceiver, 14 screen saver slideshow, 349
radio transmission screen saver software, for digiframe, 352
AM radio, 6 screen saver, hacking aspects, 354
FM radio, 6, 8 screen-folding method, of digiframe creating, 349
radio transmitter, 267 sealant tape, for protecting connectors, 233
radio wave positioning method. See triangulation method Seattle Wireless network, 237
radio waves, 4 sector antenna, 83
radiofrequency (RF) signal polarization, 309 sector antennas, 84
radiofrequency exposure levels, 87 self-guided tours, 281
radiofrequency interference, in Wi-Fi links, 322 semi-wedge shaped antenna element, 73
radios configuring, for solar-powered repeater, 211 serial interface. See serial port
radome, 76, 311 serial port, 114
RCA connectors, for analog video cameras, 328 Series 1 TiVo
RCA video, 328 Broadband adapter, using of, 289
real-time data conferencing protocol, 325 Home Media Option, 298
RealVNC, 353 installed with TiVo AirNetdapter and PC-card, 291
receive antenna gain, for link budget calculation, 89 installed with TurboNet adapter and ethernet-to-wireless
receive sensitivity, of common client adapter, 316 bridge, 290
receiver sensitivity, for link budget calculation, 89 models, 289
Red Hat 9.x Series 2 TiVo
hotspot creating software, 239 devices, 291
installing of, 239 Home Media Option, 298
379
Index S“S
I




USB connectors, 291 models, 216
wireless connection, setting up of, 293 mounting, 233
wireless USB adapters, using of, 292 power applying and testing, 234
Shell Solar SP75 model solar panel models
from Siemens, 213 BP Solar BPSX-70U, 216
junction box, built-in, 214 Shell Solar SP75, 214, 216
shield trimming, for building antenna cable, 27 solar panel output, 216
shorts checking, for inspecting antenna cable, 22 solar panel placing, 229
Siemens. See also Shell Solar SP75 model solar panel testing, 234
Siemens product, 214 solar panel, mounting, 233
signal amplification, 99 solar panel, power output, 215
signal amplifier solar panels, 214
radiofrequency (RF) signal amplifiers, 100 solar power
Wireless Signal Booster (WSB24), 99 application, 210
Signal and Noise Graph mode, for NetStumbler, 137 basics, 209
signal and noise graphing, via NetStumbler, 139 specifications, 214
signal and noise level, displaying via NetStumbler, 139 understanding, 207, 213
signal attenuation. See propagation loss solar power applications, 210
signal cancellation. See also phase cancellation solar power equipment, mounting of, 229
signal fading, 88. See also multipath losses solar power ratings, 216
signal fading, in long-distance Wi-Fi links, 309 solar power system
signal filters, 232 directly connected, 216
signal loss, 88. See also line loss hybrid systems, 218
signal strength mapping stand-alone, 218
access point (AP) tracking, 164 solar power system, assembling of, 220
with MapPoint and Excel, 164 solar power system, consisting of
with NetStumbler, 165 enclosure cabinet, 220
signal strength meter. See signal strength testing, for paperclip antenna LMR-400 cabling, 220
signal strength testing, for paperclip antenna, 56 solar panel, 220
signal strength, for long-distance Wi-Fi link, 317 wireless antennas, 220
signal strength, for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 309 solar power system, installing of
signal strength, measuring, 139 AC power strip, 225
signal strength, tracking, 143 battery cell, 222
signal-to-noise ratio, 316 charge controller, 223
signal-to-noise ratio DC-to-AC inverter, 224
for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 320 wireless radios, 224
signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), 88 solar power system, installing overview, 220
signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), to MIDI register, 135 solar repeater, components
signal-to-noise ratio graphs, for access point cabling, 210
gaming, 282 circuit breakers, 210
signal-to-noise ratio, in access point (AP) gaming, 277 fuses, 210
single-radio repeater, 212 meters, 210
site survey testing with high-gain antenna, 99 switches, 210
site surveying, 81 solar system components, mounting
sites, for finding pigtails, 32 of, 229
SNMP. See traffic graphing solarizing, 213
SNR. See signal-to-noise ratio solar-powered repeater, building components
SNR Sig Noise, file exporting field, 141 AC Power strip, 208
Soekris single board computer, 202 Adhesive Velcro tape, 209
software installation, for war driving, 131 antenna cables and pigtails, 207
software options, for access point games crossover network cable, 208
Kismet, 283 DC-to-AC power inverter, 208
Linux running on Kismet, 282 galvanized steel angle-iron, 209
NetStumbler, 282 solar panel, 207
Windows running on NetStumbler, 282 solar system charge controller, 208
software selecting, for videoconferencing, 323 water sealant tape, 209
solar array, 209 wireless antennas, 207
solar modules, specifications, 214 solar-powered repeater, setting up, 207
solar panel solar-powered wireless repeater
75-watt panel, 213 building, 207
75-watt panels, 216 mounting, 207
380 Index S“T I




SOM. See System Operating Margin Times Microwave cabling, for solar power
splash screen system, 220
configuration modes, 240 tin can antenna, 60
implementing of, 238 tin can waveguide antennna, 60
open mode configuration, 241 TiVo
troubleshooting, via NoCat, 264, 266 booting up of, 290
spotting scope Broadband network, use of, 287
angle and direction determining, 305 configuring for wireless, 287
Wi-Fi link testing, 320 defined, 287
Wi-Fi links, 303 hackability, 287, 288, 289, 301
SSID, 123, 252 high-speed network access, requirement of, 287
SSID blocking, 133 Home Media Option, 287, 288, 300
SSID broadcasting, 267 music feature, of TiVo software, 299
SSID configuring, 267 on wireless network, 287, 289
SSID data type, 156 photo feature, 299
SSID setting, for access point configuring, 187 Wi-Fi applications, 287
SSID, choosing of, 183, 186 TiVo accessing, via Telnet and FTP, 291
SSID, for Fox Hunt, 272 TiVo adapters
SSID, for videoconferencing, 337 TiVo AirNet adapter, 289, 290
SSID, WEP-enabled, 123 TiVo TurboNet, ethernet adapter, 289, 290
SSIDs default configuration, for war driving, 124 TiVo applications
SSIDs mode, of NetStumbler, 137, 138 digital photo slideshow, 287
stand-alone solar power system digital photo viewing, 287
applications, 218 TiVo components
characteristics, 218 Broadband-capable TiVo, 287
Standard Fox Hunt, playing, 274 PC computer, 288
static IP addresses, 247 wireless access point, 288
Stumbler version, downloading, 129 wireless client adapter, 287
Stumbler versions TIVo Desktop Publisher, defined, 299
MiniStumbler, 128 TiVo Desktop software
NetStumbler, 128 downloading, 299
NetStumbler 0.3.22, 131 TiVo Desktop, 299
NetStumbler 0.3.23, 131 TiVo Publisher, 299
NetStumbler 0.3.30, 131 TiVo Desktop software components
StumbVerter, 148, 157 Publisher File Manager, the, 299
StumbVerter, for mapping purpose, 153 TiVo Server, the, 299
StumbVerter, working of, 158 TiVo digital video recorder (DVR) models. See TiVo models
StumbVerter, for access point gaming, 282 TiVo digital video recorders (DVRs), 287, 288, 289, 301
subnet address, 251 TiVo hacking resources, 301
subnet mask, for LAN settings, 186 TiVo home media option, 288
subnet mask, for TiVo, 298 TiVo models, 288
subnet mask, setting of, 247 Integrated Series 1 or 2, 288
Summary Format, 142 Series 1, 288, 289
Summary text files, 148 Series 2, 288, 291
Summary.txt file, 153 TiVo Phone and Network Setup screen, 296
sweeping coverage, of omnidirectional antennas, 269 TiVo scenarios
System Operating Margin (SOM), 89 playing music, 299
sharing with neighbors, 299
T slideshow viewing, 299, 300
T.120, videoconferencing standard, 325 viewing photos, 299
TCP/IP addresses, for videoconferencing, 337 watching another TiVo, 299
TCP/IP network, for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 321 TiVo Series 1. See Series 1 TiVo
TCP/IP networking, 239 TiVo Series 2. See Series 2 TiVo
TCP/IP settings steps, for TiVo, 297 TiVo Server, 299
temperature testing steps, 199 TiVo software
temperature testing, of access point, 198 upgarding, 294
Text format, 165 upgrading, 287, 289, 292
Text Format, 142 version 3.0, 289, 290
time stamped logs, 242 version 4.0, 294, 295
Times Microwave, 16 TiVo update service
providing of connection status information, 294
381
Index T“V I




providing of software version Information, 294 U-bolts, 232
providing of System Information, 294 U-bolts, use of, in solar repeaters, 229
TiVo upgrading unidirectional antenna, for access point (AP) games, 269
Series 1, 289 Universal serial bus (USB) connectors, 113
Series 2, 291 unlicensed 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi, 7
TiVo wireless connection setting steps uplink, for D-Link product, 212
connecting to WLAN, 297 USB. See Universal serial bus (USB) connectors
up-to-date TiVo software, use of, 294 USB adapters, for TiVo, 287, 293, 294, 296
USB adapters, getting of, 293, 294 USB cameras, 327
USB adapters, plugging in, 296 USB GPS, for war driving, 121
TNC connectors, 95 USB GPS, placing, 121
Topographic features, of mapping, 147 USB interfaces, 136
topographic software USB port, for digiframe, 349
for creating Wi-Fi links, 303 USB Webcam, 323
for terrain profiling, 304 username login, 243, 250
TPO. See transmitter power output UV-resistant plastic fasteners, 197
traffic graphing
V
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP),
use of, 202 Velcro strips, for videoconferencing, 342
via access points support, 202 vertical antenna. See vertical driven array antenna
traffic mapping graphs, 202 vertical plane radiation patterns, 77
transmission antenna cable losses, for link budget vertical radiation patterns, 83
calculation, 89 VFW. See video for windows
transmission line loss, 14 video capturing, in windows
transmission lines, 33 using USB port, 329
at 2.4 GHz, 62 using video for windows (VFW) software, 329
for the Linksys WAP11, 11 video for windows (VFW)

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