LINEBURG


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DHCP server, 239, 242, 248, 252 directional antennas, for long-distance wireless link, 303
DHCP, for TiVo, 298 directional coverage, of antennas, 269
dielectric stripping, for antenna cable building, 22 directional panel antennas, for videoconferencing, 341
Differential GPS (DGPS), 150 directional tin can antenna, 59
digiframe. See also digital picture frame directly connected solar power system
digiframe boot-up requirements, for Windows, 353 applications, 218
digiframe building components charactersitics, 217
adhesive Velcro strips, 346 disable SSID broadcasting, 133
electric insulation tape, 346 dish antenna
laptop with PCMCIA slot, 345 for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 307
PCMCIA Wi-Fi adapter, 345 distributed power generation systems, 210
picture frame, 345 DIY. See do-it-yourself access point
picture frame matting, 345 DIY hardware
soldering iron, 345 compact flash card, 203
digiframe computer choosing aspects PC cards, 203
hackability, 348 radio card, 204
price, 347 DIY projects
size, 347, 348 Apple Airport, 204
digiframe creating, screen folding method, 348 Linksys wap-11and wet-11, 204
digiframe, basic input/output system (BIOS), 354 Linksys WRT54G, 205
digiframe, BIOS setting, 354 DIY software
digiframe, computer preparing aspects, 349 for building access point, 204
digiframe, computer preparing steps free distributions, 204
370 Index D“F I




DIY, online resources, 204 ethernet adapter, for TiVo, 289
D-Link access point, for repeater configuring, 212 ethernet bridge, 249
D-Link DWL-900AP , for outdoor access point building, 176 ethernet cable for hotspot creating, 177, 192, 199, 239
D-Link products, 96 ethernet cable crimper, 194
DNS, 247. See also domain name service (DNS) ethernet cable plugging, into PoE adapter, 201
DNS address, 247 Ethernet cable, for access point building, 171
DNS addresses, 247, 252 ethernet cable, for outdoor access point building, 177
DNS server, for ALN settings, 186 ethernet cable, running of, 201
DNS servers, 247 ethernet cabling, for outdoor access point, 174
DNS for TiVo, 298 ethernet cabling, for Wi-Fi links, 304
do-it-yourself (DIY ) access point, 202 ethernet cameras
domain name service (DNS) server, for hotspot creating, 239 features, 328
downlink, for D-Link product, 212 video conferencing, 327
drill bit, for access point configuring, 193 ethernet card, 242, 249
drill bits, for outdoor access point building, 175 ethernet cards, 244
drilling holes, for paperclip antenna, 49 ethernet connection, 249
drip loop, anatomy, 196 ethernet crossover cable, 225
drip loops defined, 196 ethernet patch cables, 3
drive-by detection method ethernet port, 177, 182
defined, 269 ethernet for hotspot creating, 239
acces point (AP) gaming, 269 ethernet for outdoor access point, 176
access point (AP) detecting, 269 ethernet-to-wireless bridge, for TiVo
war driving scenario, 269 D-Link DWL-810, 289
driven array antenna Linksys WET11, 289
magnetically mounted antenna, 39 ethernet-to-wireless bridge, installing and configuring, 290
vertical driven array antenna, 39 Excel, 164
DSL. See digital subscriber line Excel and Text import wizard, 153
DSL modem, 239, 244, 247, 248 exporting options, of NetStumbler, 141
DSL modem, for hotspot creating, 239 external antenna for access point (AP) games, 268, 269, 276
DSL router, 260 external antenna connector, 82
DVR. See digital video recorders (DVR), 287 external antenna connectors, for war driving, 108
DWL-900 AP configuring, an example basic wireless and LAN external antenna, for wireless adapter, 115
settings, 187 external antennas, for digiframe, 349
DWL-900 AP configuring, an example, 187 external connector, for videoconferencing, 323
DWL-900AP , 187
F
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), 186
Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP), for hotspot creating, 239 Faraday Cage, 108
FCC. See Federal Communications Commission
E FCC guidelines. See FCC safety rules
earth curvature calculation, for Wi-Fi links designing, 311 FCC regulations
Edit menu, NetStumbler, 134 antenna connectors, 95
effective receiving sensibility, for Wi-Fi links connecting access point to the antenna, 93
component point-to-multipoint networks, 85
cable loss, 316 point-to-point networks, 85
components radio in the access point, 84
antenna gain, 316 maximum permitted antenna gain, 84
defined, 314, 316 maximum permitted transmitter power output (TPO), 84
effective transmitting power, for Wi-Fi links, 314, 315 required reduction in tranamitter power output (TPO), 84
EIRP. See equivalent isotropically radiated power FCC safety rules
electrical tape 2.4 GHz signals, 87
for cable installing, 197 human exposure to radiofrequency radiation, 87
for waterproofing, 197 FCC™s weird requirement for connectors, 95
electrical tilting, 310 Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
electromagnetic (EM) spectrum, 5 safety guidelines, 81
electromagnetic RF energy, 61 channels and frequencies restrictions, 7
electromagnetism, 5, 61 radio broadcasting permission, 7
e-mail securing apsects, 185 safety rules, 87
enclosure cabinet, 220 female coaxial connector, 15
equipment management of videoconferencing components, 342 female connectors, 95
equivalent isotropically radiated power (EIRP), 86 fiber cable, for Wi-Fi links, 304
Ethereal, 244, 258, 262 file exportinf fields, 141
Ethereal, for troubleshooting NoCat, 262 file formats, from NetStumbler, 152
371
Index F“G I




File menu, NetStumbler, 134 Fresnel zone, 89
files exporting. See also StumbVerter Fresnel zone calculations, 313
export formats, 142 Fresnel zone ellipse, 314
NetStumbler, 165 Fresnel zone formula, 313
NetStumbler files formats, 152 Fresnel zone incursions, 89
NetStumbler into Delorme Street Atlas, 159 Fresnel zone losses, 308
NS1 file, 141 Fresnel zone losses, for link budget calculation, 89
files importing, 153, 155, 160 Fresnel zone obstructions, in Wi-Fi links, 321
files importing, for mapping, 154, 162, 163 Frisko antenna, 35
Filters mode, of NetStumbler, 137, 139
G
fire protection, for outdoor access point, 173
firewall, 266 gateway, 249, 251
firewall rules, 260 gateway accesing, 266
firewalls. See also wireless network security gateway accessing, 255
firmware, 130 gateway addresses matching, for TiVo, 298
firmware installing, on an access point, 182 gateway component, NoCatAuth, 241
flag capturing, 267 gateway components, 242
formats exporting, 142 gateway, for LAN settings, 186
formats, for location, 151 Geographic Information Systems (GIS), 146
Fox Hunt variations gigahertz (GHz), 5
Mobile Fox Hunt, 273 GIS. See Geographic Information Systems
Room Service Fox Hunt, 273 GIS mapping software, 146
Standard Fox Hunt, 273 Global Positioning System (GPS), 112, 150
Fox setup, 272 Go/NoGo Tester, for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 321, 322
fox, in Fox Hunt game, 271 government regulations, for antenna building, 81
Fox Hunt gpgv, 239
access point (AP) game, 267 gPhotoShow
access point detecting, 274 downloading, 352
defined, 271 screen saver settings dialog, 352
playing of, 271, 274 setup screen, 352
SSID usage, 272 GPS. See also Global Positioning System
tips, 274 GPS communications protocols, 136
free, 238 GPS interfaces, 114
free ethernet protocol analyzer. See also ethereal, 262 GPS mapping, for access point (AP) gaming, 282
free hotspot, 237 GPS navigation system, 113
free hotspot controling GPS ports, 131
by limiting users™ limits, 243 GPS position, 137
monitoring of use, 243 GPS position, recording, 135
use of acceptable use policy (AUP), 243 GPS positioning, for war driving, 121
via Telco sites, checking of, 243 GPS protocol, 115
free hotspot monitoring, historical, 243 GPS receiver, for access point (AP games), 121, 268
free hotspot monitoring, real-time, 243 GPS receiver, for NetStumbler configuring, 137
free hotspot networking issues, 242 GPS receivers, 136
free network protocol analyzer, 244 GPS receivers, for mapping purpose, 150
free roaming, via wireless hotspots, 238 GPS receivers, types
free server software, for producing traffic graphs, 202 dash-mounted, 113
free space loss, in Wi-Fi links, 314 dedicated, 113
free space losses, 315 handheld, 113
free space propagation losses, for link budget calculation, 89 GPS satellite tracking, for war driving, 112
free wireless networks, 238 GPS setting, 135
frequency. See also radio frequencies GPS software, for access point (AP) gaming, 274
center frequency, for Wi-Fi channels, 8 GPS supports, for mapping, 149
defined, 6 GPS supports, for mapping purpose, 146
hertz (Hz), 7 GPS tab, 136
frequency band GPS tab, for NetStumbler configuring, 135
2.4 GHz band, 5 GPS working
frequency ranges for mapping, 150
application, 6 triangulation, 150
gigahertz, 6 GPS, for long-distance wireless link, 303
megahertz, 6 GPS, status messages, 131
frequency versus wavelength, 6 GPSDrive/Gpsd, for access point (AP) gaming, 282
Fresnel zone determining for long-distance Wi-Fi link, 303, 311 grounding aspects, of outdoor access point, 181
372 Index G“K I




grounding aspects, of Wi-Fi links, 310 hotspots, 9, 162
grounding protection, of access point, 201 hotspots, locating, 143, 144
grounding wire, 171, 181, 196 Houston Wireless, 237
hybrid systems
H applications, 218
H.320, videoconferencing standard, 325 characteristics, 218
H.323, videoconferencing standard, 325
I
hacking, 130
half-wave antenna, 37 ice buildup, on antenna, problems, 311
hazardous exposures of radio frequency radiation, 87 IEEE specification for 802.11b adapter, 106
health hazards, due to radiofrequency exposure, 87 IEEE standards
heat sink, for access point testing, 199 802.11a, 4
Help, NetStumbler, 134 802.11b, 4
hertz, 5 802.11g, 4
high-gain antenna location selection, 88 compatibility, 5
high-gain antenna import and export, of files, 128
adding to access point, 79 import format, 154
attaching with access point, 81 insolation, 216
requirements, 95 insulation
types, 83 of can antenna, 70
high-gain antenna attaching, 91 of paperclip antenna, 51, 52
high-gain antenna location, 88 Integrated TiVo, 288
high-gain antenna types interference, 81, 83, 84, 88, 91, 232
directional, 83 interference, and Fresnel zone incursions, 89
omnidirectional, 83 interference, in long-distance Wi-Fi links, 309
high-gain antenna, for war driving, 117 interference, of Wi-Fi channels, 9
high-gain antenna, installing, 100 Internet, 243
high-gain antennas for long-distance wireless link, 303 Internet connection, 239
high-gain external antenna, for war driving, 108 Internet protocol, 10
high-gain Wi-Fi Yagi antenna, 42 Internet Protocol (IP) address, for LAN
highly-directional antenna, for repeater configuring, 212 settings, 186
highly-directional antenna, for access point (AP) gaming, 276 Internet video chatting, 332
hole spacing for the paperclips, 49 interoperability standards, for videoconferencing, 331
Home Media Option, of TiVo, 287, 288, 298, 299, 300 inverter, for solar-powered repeater, 209
homebrew access point IP address
logical hardware, 203 dynamic, 188
PC-based architecture, 203 static, 188
horizontal plane radiation patterns, 77 IP address for TiVo, 296
horizontal radiation patterns, 83 IP addresses static, 242, 247, 298
hotspot IP network, 249
creating, 237 IP packet, 260
defined, 237 IPtables, 239, 258, 264
free wireless hotspot, 237 isotropic antenna for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 307
hotspot controling. See free hotspot controling, 243 isotropic radiator, 84, 85
hotspot creating hardware
J
client computer, 239
ethernet cable, 239 jacket stripping and removing, for antenna
ethernet card, 239 cable building
network interface cards (NICs), 239 scoring along cable length, 20
personal computer (PC), 239 stripping using rocking motion, 20
wireless access point (AP), 239
K
hotspot creating software
DHCP server, 239 Kismac, 128
DNS server, 239 Kismac and Kismet, 128
Linux, 239 Kismac, network scanning functions, 128
NoCatAuth, 239 Kismet
hotspot projects comparison with NetStumbler, 110
Cal Free Net, 237 for access point (AP) games, 268, 282
Houston Wireless, 237 for war driving, 110
NYCWireless, 237 main screen, 112
Seattle Wireless network, 237 works on, 110
373
Index K“L I




Kismet Wireless Linksys WAP11, as bridged mode access point (AP), 249
for access point games, 267, 282 Linksys WSB24. See signal amplifier, Wireless Signal Booster
for AP-Hunt, 276 Linux box, 244, 249
Kismet, features Linux box, configuring, 249
default access point configurations detecting, 110 Linux box, for DHCP, 248
hidden SSID, revealing of, 111 Linux box, installing of, 244
scanning programs detecting ability, 110 Linux box, testing of, 248
wireless network data packets recording, 111 Linux box, WAN connecting, 249
Linux computer, for hotspot creating, 240
L Linux gateway, 244
LAN settings Linux, for access point (AP) gaming, 282
automatic setting, via Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol LMR series, for long-distance Wi-Fi link cabling, 318
(DHCP), 186 LMR-100, 13
for access point configuring, 186 LMR-100 versus LMR 400, 13, 14
laptop battery, for Wi-Fi link testing, 319 LMR-400 cable series, 13
laptop computer LMR-400, for long-distance Wi-Fi link cabling, 318
digiframe, 345, 348, 349, 354, 355 LMR-400, for war driving in the car, 120
Wi-Fi link testing, 319 log file analyzing
laptop hacking, 354 RADIUS authorization, integration of, 244
laptop positioning, for war driving purpose, 119 via MySQL database, 244
laptop, for access point (AP) gaming, 267 login screen. See splash screen
laptop, for war driving, 112, 123 long-distance Wi-Fi bridge design, experimental results, 317
latitude, 141 long-distance Wi-Fi link
latitude and longitude coordinates, 143 design considerations, 305
latitude and longitude formats, 151 Fresnel zone determining, 311, 313
latitude and longitude recording, 157 Fresnel zone radius calculations, 313
latitude and longitude, exporting of, 142 linking obstacles, 303
latitude and longitude, recording, 150, 151 on a mountaintop, 303, 306
LCD panel, for digiframe, 356, 360 long-distance Wi-Fi link creating
LCD power cable, for digiframe, 358 link deployment strategies, 303
LCD screen, for digiframe, 348 link planning aspects, 303, 314
LCD screen, for digital picture displaying, 346 obstacles, 303
lightning protection, for antenna, 310 site selecting aspects, 303, 304
lightning protector grounding cable, 201 long-distance Wi-Fi link creating obstacles
lightning protector, for outdoor access point, 171, 173, 176 Earth™s curvature, 303
lightning protector, of access point, 201 Fresnel zones hindrance, 303
lightning protector, placing on pole, 195 path loss, 303, 311
lightning protectors, 181 long-distance Wi-Fi link making link quality, 320
line loss. See also decibel long-distance Wi-Fi link requirements
line loss binoculars, 303, 305
calculating, 14 GPS, 303
measuring, 14 handheld radio system, 303
line-of-sight (LOS) aspects of videoconferencing, 341 repeaters, 304
line-of-sight (LOS) improving ways, 314 spotting scope, 303, 305
line-of-sight, for outdoor access point, 174 topographic software, 303
link budget calculation wireless access points, 303
Fresnel zone losses, 89 wireless bridges, 303
propagation losses, 89 long-distance Wi-Fi link testing, 303, 319
receive sensitivity, 89 long-distance Wi-Fi link testing and troubleshooting, 319
transmission losses, 89 long-distance Wi-Fi link testing components
link budget calculation factors, 89 access point, 319
link budgeting. See link planning battery, 319
link planning bridge, 319
receiving properties, 315 directional antenna, 319
transmitting properties, 314 GPS, 320
Linksys access point laptop computer, 319
Linksys BEFW11S4, 86, 92 mounting solution, 319
Linksys WAP11, 11, 93 pigtails, 319
Linksys BEFW11S4 access point, 86, 93 power inverter, 319
Linksys configuration program, 92 spotting scope, 320
Linksys WAP11 access point, 11, 93 wireless adapter, 319
374 Index L“N I




long-distance Wi-Fi link troubleshooting Metropolitan Area Network, 238
of network settings, 321 Microsoft MapPoint
of wireless connection, 321 features, 148
long-distance Wi-Fi links for mapping, 145, 147, 153
for videoconferencing, 320 Microsoft MapPoint format, 157
for voice-over-IP (VoIP), 320 Microsoft MapPoint import procedures, 154
long-distance wireless LAN (WLAN) links, 307 Microsoft MapPoint using StumbVerter, 157
long-nosed pliers Microsoft NetMeeting, 323, 324
for antennna cable building, 20 Microsoft Streets & Trips, 149
for building can antenna, 59 microwave radio frequencies, 5. See radio frequencies, microwaves
long-nosed pliers, for W-Fi antenna building, 4 microwave safe can antenna, 76
loop, in the ethernet cable, 197 MIDI register, for NetStumbler configuring, 135
LOS. See line-of-sight milliwatts (mW), 14
low-gain antenna, for war driving, 117 minimal-overlapping channels, 9
MiniStumbler
M features, 109
MAC addresses, 242 main screen, 111
MAC addresses, for TiVo, 296 mini version of NetStumbler, 109
MacStumbler, 128 user interface limitations, 128
MacStumbler and NetStumbler, 128 MiniStumbler, runs on, 128
magnet mount antenna, 115, 121 MMCX, 48
magnet mount antenna, on car roof, 120 MMDS. See multipoint microwave distribution system (MMDS)
magnet mount external GPS, 121 Mobile battery power, for access point (AP) games, 268
magnification aspects, of Wi-Fi link creating, 305 Mobile Fox Hunt, playing, 274
male coaxial connector, 15 motion video
male connectors, 95 Macromedia Flash animations, 363
MAN. See Metropolitan Area Network screen saver installing, 363
map creating procedure, 151 Windows Media Player, 363
map creating steps mounting hardware, for access point, 193
converting to mapping format, 153 mounting hardware, for outdoor access point, 180
data gathering, 152 mounting system building, for solar power system, 227
files exporting, 152 mounting system, for videoconferencing, 323, 342
importing and displaying, 154 MP3 files, 299
results viewing, 161 MP3 music creating, via TiVo, 287
map creating, from war driving data, 145 MP3 playing, via, 298
map, created by MapPoint, 157 MP3 playing, via TiVo, 299
mapping software MPE. See Maximum Permissible Exposure
applications and features, 147 MPP. See Maximum Power Point
DeLorme Street Atlas, 145 MRTG. See Multi Router Traffic Grapher
Microsoft MapPoint, 145 MRTG, downloading, 244
Microsoft Streets & Trips, 149 Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG), 202, 243
mapping software, choosing, 145 multi-party videoconferencing. See multipoint videoconferencing
mapping software, for access point (AP) gaming, 274, 282 multipath interference. See also multipath losses
mapping, overview of, 146 phase cancellation, 90
MapPoint. See Microsoft MapPoint signal fading, 88, 90
Maximum Permissible Exposure, 87 multipath losses, 88
maximum permissible transmitted signal, 86 multipath scattering, 316
Maximum permitted antenna gain, 84 multipoint car conference, 342
Maximum permitted transmitter power output, 84 multipoint conference, 342
Maximum Power Point (MPP), power ratings aspects, 216 multipoint control unit (MCU), for videoconferencing, 326, 331
Mbps. See megabits per second multipoint microwave distribution system (MMDS), 310
MC-Card, 47 multipoint videoconference, 326
MCU servers, 332 multipoint videoconferencing, 331
MCU, for videoconferencing, 342 multipoint, videoconferencing standard, 326
mechanical beam tilting, 310 Multi-room viewing via TiVo. See also Home Media Option
Media Access Control (MAC) filtering. See also wireless network
N
security and Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
medium-gain antenna, for war driving, 117 N-Connector, used in can antennas, 65, 66, 73, 74
megabits per second (Mbps), 4 N-Connector, with round radiating element, 71
megabyte, 4 N-Connector, with wedge radiating element, 71
merging options, of NetStumbler, 140 N-Connectors, 93
375
Index N“N I




NEC. See Numerical Electromagnetic Code NetStumbler text file, 149, 153
needle-nosed pliers, for building paperclip antenna, 50 NetStumbler version 0.4, compatibility and user interface
NetMeeting conference, 340 enhancements, 130
NetMeeting configuring, 326, 332 NetStumbler versions, 130
NetMeeting setting up NetStumbler window, status messages, 130
Call and Host Meeting options, 337 NetStumbler, access points (APs) detecting, 133
startup wizard setting, 334 NetStumbler, as network analysis tool, 127
video setup, 336 NetStumbler, detecting and analyzing two access points (APs), 132
windows audio setup, 334 NetStumbler, downloading, 129
NetMeeting video session, 326, 329, 330 NetStumbler, General Options panel, 134
NetMeeting, for Internet video chatting, 332 NetStumbler, home page, 129
NetMeeting, installing, 334 NetStumbler, installing, 127, 128
NetStumbler screen modes, 137 NetStumbler, launching, 130
NetStumbler NetStumbler, overview screen, 130
as war driving tool, 127 NetStumbler, running with multiple active access points, 130
configuring, 133 NetStumbler, testing, 132
detecting access points (APs), 132 NetStumbler, wireless card auto-reconfiguring, 132
downloading, 129 NetStumbler.exe file, copying, 129
features, 109 Network Address Translation (NAT) device, 251
files exporting, 127 network and server, setting up, 237
access point (AP) games, 268, 282 network base station, 211
access points detecting, 282 network configuration, for long-distance Wi-Fi links, 321
latitude and longitude recording, 137 network cracking, 130
for war driving, 109 network interface card (NIC), 47
for wireless networks scanning, 127 network interface card (NIC) configuring, 247
installing and configuring, 127, 128 network interface card (NIC), software installing, 246
interfacing with GPS unit, 127, 130 network interface cards (NIC), on Linux, 244
main screen, 110 network mode, for videoconferencing, 337
NetStumbler *.NS1 file, 145 network traffic
NetStumbler 0.3.30, 139 DHCP traffic, 260
NetStumbler and GPS, coordinating, 127 DNS traffic, 260

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