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229, 232, 239, 241, 251, 255, 257, 258, 260,
Project see project
Proxies 6, 82, 104“10, 117, 131, 135, 148, 153, 263, 265, 278
154, 170, 172, 189, 203, 204, 225, 240, 241, Primary 6, 149, 192, 206, 207, 242, 258, 266,
250, 257, 258, 263, 265, 272, 273, 277“80 272, 273, 279, 280
Raw 21, 39, 105, 106, 142, 143, 148, 178, 180, Proxies 6
Metaphorical 82, 96, 99, 103, 107, 117, 141,
187, 190, 191, 200, 208, 212, 237, 238, 240,
142, 148, 163, 189, 198, 203, 233, 241, 250,
245, 252, 254, 257
Resources 128“30, 143, 209, 210, 216, 226, 252, 273
Approach 91, 199
229, 231
Associations 91, 136
Symbols 31
Technology see technology Connections 90, 258
Expression 163, 220, 229
World see world
Form 244, 277
Materialism 90, 121, 154
Dialectical 161, 163 Relation 138, 148, 255
Relationship 5, 88, 92
Materiality 9, 68, 90“2, 97, 103, 104, 121, 152,
Understanding 88, 96, 97, 136, 149
167, 257, 262, 272
Metonymy 67, 69“70, 72“3, 81, 82, 88, 89, 107,
Networks of see networks
Mattelart, Armand 101 110, 141, 148
Mauran 250 Mezhirich 259
346 Index

Mezin 259 Mumba Rock Shelter 213
Micronesia 200 Mycenae 99
Middle East 20, 45, 47, 192, 242 Myers, J. L. 198
Milardo, Robert 216
Miller, Danny 138, 139, 168 Namibia 133, 194
Mind 6“9, 30, 33, 34, 60, 66, 68, 71, 88, 89, Napoleon 20
Narrative 15, 16, 54, 75, 123, 136, 154, 157, 158,
94“8, 103, 109, 114, 115, 120, 123“6, 221, 224,
170, 230
258, 278, 280
grand 28, 277
:body distinction 7, 96
master 60, 62, 277
Distributed 148
Natufian 192, 257“67, 271
Extended 222, 225
Natural 7, 9, 23, 57, 72, 74, 77, 78, 87, 89,
Human 7
Modern 31, 49, 208, 256, 272, 273 92“4, 121, 126, 158, 160, 167, 194
Origin of 258 Environment see environment
Neolithic see Neolithic, mind History 8, 221
Rational 8 Selection see selection
Theory of 222, 223, 225, 258 Nature 7, 44, 55, 57, 60, 65, 78, 81, 93, 125, 161,
Mithen, Steven 42, 74, 179, 221 162, 165“8, 206, 275, 277
Modern 4, 34, 41, 46, 47, 116, 160 Human see human
Anatomically 206 Neanderthals 23, 30, 37, 40, 42, 43, 45, 46, 51,
Anatomically modern human 53, 54, 73, 82, 159, 165, 184, 185, 188, 195, 217,
see human 235, 244, 248“50, 277
Behaviour see behaviour Near East 11, 23“5, 28, 46, 47, 76, 185, 200, 208,
Brain see brain 251, 256, 257, 259, 269, 270, 276, 279
Culture see culture Necklace 134, 142, 146, 148, 247
Human see human Negev desert 190, 191, 259
Identity see identity Neolithic 10, 12, 13, 23, 27, 28, 30, 32, 47, 49,
Nation state see state 61, 62, 72, 82, 83, 117, 137, 190, 200, 206“8,
Society see society 210, 257, 270, 279
World see world; origins of, see origins Britain see Britain
Modernism 14, 15, 279 Early 258, 259, 262“72
Modernity 7, 56“9, 128, 158 Europe see Europe
Biological see biological Greek see Greece
Origin of 151 Late 259, 265
Modernist 120, 165 Mind 17
Project 13, 14, 18, 26, 32, 56, 127 Orkney 138
Molleson, Theya 264 Pottery 259, 266
Molodova 242, 244 PPNA 259, 265, 266, 271
Monkey 87, 165, 211, 215, 217 PPNB 259, 266, 267
Capuchin 163“5, 169 PPNC 259
Montagu, Ashley 42, 50, 52, 53, 80 Pre-pottery/PPN 129, 200, 259, 266, 272
Morgan, Lewis Henry 13, 15, 16, 53, 126 Revolution see revolution, Neolithic
Morphy, Howard 178 Society see society
Moura, Antonio and Phyllis Lee 164, 165 Net(s) 107, 139“52, 195, 226, 227, 230, 231,
Mousterian 43 233, 238, 242, 248, 250, 251, 255, 256, 273,
Multi-regionalist(s) 50“1, 53, 54 278, 279
Multi-regional evolution 40“2 Netiv Hagdud 262
Index 347

Network(s) 18, 19, 91, 94, 95, 97, 100, 101, 107, Ornament(s) 25, 46, 108“9, 146, 148, 165, 197,
117, 128“30, 140, 144, 149, 159, 178, 209, 211, 207, 240, 244
Ornamentation 42
214, 216“20, 229, 231, 250, 270
Ortvale Klde 251
Exchange 126
Orwell, George 87, 96
Hybrid 91, 92, 100, 109, 137, 149, 201, 239,
Owens, D. 77
268
Kinship 97, 100
Pacific 27, 200, 202, 212
Material 149, 272
Western 180, 204
Of material culture 152, 258
Pagden, Anthony 159
Of materiality 104, 116, 162
Palaeolithic 12, 17, 22, 43“5, 49, 61“2, 137, 142,
Of relationships 91, 96, 136, 241
144, 149, 151, 160, 175, 176, 184, 188, 190, 194,
Relational 96
Social 148, 188, 251, 272 204, 230, 244, 265, 279
Networking 123, 141 Archaeology 50, 109
Newton, Sir Isaac 63“4 Hominins see hominins, palaeolithic
Niger 199 Hunters see hunters, palaeolithic
Notarchirico 235 Lower 41, 174, 184
Nunamiut 249 Middle 23, 41, 43, 45, 73, 174, 184, 190“2,
254, 255 see European
Middle/Upper Palaeolithic transition
Odling-Smee, John 164
see transition
Ohalo II 259, 265
Revolution see revolution
Olduvai Gorge 239
Societies 251
Olorgesailie 239
Upper 28, 30, 41, 43, 45, 47, 174, 178, 184,
Omo 35“6, 39, 41, 44
190“2, 195, 244, 251, 255
Orient 16, 25, 32
European see European
Oriental
Revolution see revolution
absolutism 16
Tools 48
civilisation 11
Panama 74
despotism 16, 80
Papua New Guinea 126, 212
Orientalism 19“22
Parker-Pearson, Michael, and Ramilisonina 90
Origin(s) 3, 5, 8, 13, 19, 24, 25, 38, 44, 47, 51,
Pavlov 194, 199, 244“7
54, 56, 58“66, 73, 75“6, 83, 105“7, 133, 137,
Peninj 176
143, 150, 153, 163, 181, 200, 204, 206, 222, 275
Person 163, 170
Common 52, 105
Distributed 154
Human 26, 44, 65, 66
Personhood 5, 100, 114, 117“20, 123“5, 127,
Of agriculture 23, 28, 72, 225, 279
139“41, 148, 152, 189, 206, 211, 277
Of symbolism see symbolism
Distributed 142, 149, 151, 273
Originsland 61“6, 75, 81“3, 112, 133, 275“9
Peru 160
Model 41
Pfaffenberger, Bryan 165, 177, 204
Of modern behaviour see behaviour
Pfeiffer, John 42
Of modern world 6, 157
Pinker, Steven 136
Of modernity see modernity
Pitt-Rivers, General 162
Point(s) 3, 5, 6, 11, 89, 92, 110, 206, 230, 273,
Plant(s) 170, 173, 175, 176, 195, 201, 212, 227,
276, 278
241, 260
Point of 5, 32, 92, 276
Domestic see crops
Research 4, 9, 38, 50, 63, 81, 82, 112, 203
Gathering see gathering
Social see social
348 Index

Plato 161, 275 Historical 161
Pleistocene 203, 212 Material 9, 79, 82, 83, 139“41, 143, 148“50,
Pohnpei 200, 272 203, 206, 220, 227“30, 233, 235, 240, 241,
Pope, Matt 237, 239 244, 256, 265
Population(s) 13, 17, 29, 40“2, 45, 46, 49, 53, Modernist see modernist
264“6, 276 Postmodernist 18
Density 43 Social 98, 116, 129, 130, 153
History 41
Hominin see hominin Qafzeh 195
Human see human Qermez Dere 271
Pressure 17, 77, 82
Portugal 145, 242 Rainbird, Paul 200“1, 272
Pot(s) 24, 72, 108, 123, 138, 139, 141, 203, 257, Rational 6, 7, 9, 61, 66, 74, 78, 94“6, 103, 110,
272 114, 116, 124, 127, 131, 136, 138, 141, 149, 152,
Potter 193 179, 188, 190, 200, 204, 207, 226, 235, 252,
Pottery 12, 19, 23, 25, 70, 105“7, 141, 169, 173, 256, 273, 277
198“201, 259, 262, 264, 272 Approach 6, 73, 95, 101, 110, 138, 226, 279
Pre-pottery 203 Explanation 162, 276
Neolithic see Neolithic Mind see mind
Revolution see revolution Rationality 101
Power 22, 64, 66, 88, 90, 92, 99, 112, 125, 130, Ecological 29
151, 152, 160, 178, 203, 207, 242 Economic 74, 79
Political 25 Rekem 257
Social 189 Relational 7, 9, 61, 78, 95, 97, 110, 127, 131,
State 3, 207 138, 152, 162, 179, 190, 192, 207, 226, 252,
Symbols of 31 277
Symbolic 208 Analogy 201
Praslov, Nickolai 238, 246 Approach 6, 73, 79, 178, 279
Prehistoric 12, 16, 112, 198, 275, 276, 279 Identity 151, 278
Hunters and gatherers see hunters Perspective 6, 137, 204, 249, 277
Society 12, 20 Renfrew, Colin 31, 49, 160, 207“10
Prehistory 3, 6, 7, 10“12, 14, 25, 28, 32, 34, 51, 54, Revolution(s) 3“6, 8, 9, 12“17, 22“4, 26, 28, 29,
66, 75, 90, 99, 151, 164, 200, 205, 275, 277, 279 33“4, 37, 44, 47, 48, 50, 51, 59, 61, 81, 82, 89,
Earliest 5 90, 96, 101, 110, 128, 133, 153, 157, 158, 163,
European 12, 20, 143, 279 204, 205, 209, 272, 273, 276
Hominin 278 Agrarian 14
Human 23, 26, 53, 81, 114, 274, 275 American 8, 15
World 38“40, 184 Architectural 266
Primate(s) 38, 39, 87, 143, 164“5, 214“18, 220, Behavioural 81
222 Broad spectrum 28, 29, 251
Ancestry 168 Container 170, 204
Society 208 Culinary 40
Prismatic blade technique 182“93 Cultural 4, 13
Proctor, Robert 50, 51, 81 Democratic 4, 13
Project(s) 9, 18, 19, 21, 23, 79, 117, 124, 133, 151, English 15
152, 180, 206, 223, 225“7, 231, 235, 244, 250, French 8, 15
251, 255, 258, 259, 273 Glorious 15
Index 349

Human 4, 6, 8, 22, 25, 34, 35, 38, 40, 42“60, Selection 30, 41, 51, 73, 88, 161, 165, 177, 214
Natural 17, 34, 72, 76
75, 76, 80“3, 89, 90, 108, 110, 169, 179,
Selective 29
180, 183, 188, 227, 276
Pressure(s) 29, 74, 107, 187, 204, 219
Industrial, the 4, 13, 14, 26, 72
Semiology
Long see Williams, Raymond
Semiotics 90“1, 103, 154
Neolithic 4, 6, 8, 12, 13, 17“19, 21“3, 25“7,
Senses 31, 67, 87, 88, 92, 98, 109, 153, 154, 221,
30, 32, 34, 44“5, 49, 59“61, 75, 76, 80“2,
228, 279
89, 90, 99, 108, 110, 151, 169, 198, 276
Bodily 69
Prehistoric 13, 16
Sensescape 89
Pre-pottery 258
Sensory 5, 273
Russian 10, 14, 15
Experience 31
Secondary products 27
Revolution see revolution
Sedentary 34, 47, 81, 207, 210, 256
Serbia 257
Scientific 22“3
seriation 23“4
Social 40, 48, 244
Set(s) 107, 126, 139“52, 166, 226“8, 230, 240“2,
Symbolic 42, 81, 256
244“51, 255“62, 267, 268, 273, 278, 279
Symbolic, sensory and sedentary 30“2
Of material 232, 240, 244
Upper Palaeolithic 43, 45, 47, 180
Of stone see stone
Urban 13, 16, 19“21, 25, 44
Shennan, Stephen 161
Revolutionary 8, 21, 22, 29, 31, 162, 206, 277
Sherratt, Andrew 18, 27“8
Change 109
Simek, Jan 243
Richards, Colin 137
Sinai desert 259
Rodseth, Lars 211
Skhul 195

Rolland, Nicholas 186
Slovenia 193
Rose Cottage Cave 243, 247, 254, 255
Smith, Grafton Elliot 17, 21, 81
Rousseau 60
Social 9, 10, 13, 18, 20, 21, 25, 26, 31, 34, 38, 39,
Rowlands, Michael 90
49, 62, 77, 79, 81, 82, 92, 93, 99, 101, 106,
Runciman, Garry 207
Russia 12, 16, 27, 195, 242, 244, 259 107, 114, 115, 118, 120“2, 124, 126, 128, 133, 137,
Russian 13, 245 139, 140, 143, 144, 148, 150, 159“61, 163, 167,
169, 174, 177, 189, 190, 201, 205“9, 217, 219,
Sahlins, Marshall 78 255, 257, 262, 263, 267, 276, 278
Sahul 212 Actions 110, 128, 136, 137, 140, 141, 162, 267,
Said, Edward 19“22 272
see also Oriental Agency see agency
´
St Cesaire 188 Archaeology 130
`re
Saint-Germain-la-Rivie 144“50, 152 Body 78
Saint Simon, Claude Henri de 101 Cage 207“11
Salzgitter-Lebenstedt 176, 248“50 Conditions 17, 31, 57
Santonja, Manuel and Alfredo Context 19, 93, 112
´ ´
Perez-Gonzalez 235 Environment see environment
Scandinavia 145 Extension 39, 254, 255, 273, 278, 279
Schlanger, Nathan 183 Gatherings 140, 148
Schliemann, Heinrich 99 Interaction 31, 169
¨
Schoningen 176, 194, 234, 235 Intelligence 205, 265
Sedentism 17, 28, 50, 59, 82, 110, 160, 191, 192, Landscapes 117, 241, 250, 254, 255, 257, 268,
201, 203, 209, 260, 265“7, 271, 279 269, 271
350 Index

Social (cont.) Soviet Union 10, 11, 14, 80
Life 26, 38, 50, 67, 88, 89, 92, 95, 100, see also Russia
Spain 16, 159, 160, 176, 195, 235, 239, 251
118“20, 122, 127, 131, 143, 144, 152, 193, 265,
Cantabrian 47, 145, 146
272
Sperber, Dan 220
Network see network
Spicer, Joaneath 94
Order 30, 124, 279
Stalin 10, 11, 16
Organisation 21, 43, 62, 99, 201
State 11, 13, 14, 16, 20, 90, 101
Origin 52, 54, 56, 60
Instrument 10
Power see power
Nation 14, 15
Practice(s) 6, 110, 116, 117, 122, 137, 144, 149,
Power see power
153, 154, 163, 175, 201, 203, 267, 272
Societies see societies
Project see project
Sterkfontein 194
Relations 38, 56, 79, 95, 116, 117, 126, 137,
Sternke, Farina 254
140, 177, 204
Stiner, Mary 29“30, 251
Relationship(s) 95, 124, 194, 266, 273, 278
Stone(s) 15, 23, 73, 91, 95, 105, 116, 139, 142,
Reproduction 151, 162, 203, 272
145, 157, 159, 160, 163, 165, 167, 170, 172, 193,
Science 4, 14, 59
199, 212, 231“4, 236, 237, 240“4, 252, 254“6,
Scientists 14, 15, 101
260, 270, 271, 275, 277
Self 100, 134
Age(s) 12, 24, 159, 168, 207, 275
Space 148, 258, 267, 269
Early 174, 190
Socio-symbolic 72
Ground 109, 256, 261, 262, 264
Technology see technology, social
Late 174, 180, 190, 194
Units 17, 29, 265
Middle 36, 174, 176, 190, 194, 243, 251“4
World 88, 124, 256, 276
New 12, 61
Society 4, 7, 17, 20, 27, 31, 34, 49, 53, 60, 66,
Old 12, 61
72, 76, 78, 82, 98, 101, 102, 111, 125, 129“31,
Sets of 233, 236, 254
149, 157, 158, 161, 203, 207“12, 216, 219, 220,
Technology 40, 181
222, 226, 256, 272, 275, 279, 280
Tools see tools
Complex 150, 220
Strathern, Marilyn 19, 116, 126“8
Domesticated 34, 201
¨
Streeck, Jurgen 205
Domestication of see domestication
Stringer, Chris 37, 41, 42
European see European
Strum, Shirley and Bruno Latour 60, 61,
Hominin see hominin
208“10, 215, 220
Human see human
Subsistence 43, 53, 161, 165, 170, 192
Hunting and gathering see hunting
Base 29
Modern 56
Behaviour 165
Neolithic 31
Change 177, 264
Pre-capitalist 10, 13
Choices 74
Prehistoric see prehistoric, society
Economy 26
Pre-literate 18, 169
Mode of 29
Primate see primate
Needs 177
State 26
Practices 23, 29
Western 60, 127, 277
Tasks 20
Sofaer, Joanna 226
Sudan 199
Soffer, Olga 195
Sunghir 197
and James Adovasio 194
Sutton Hoo 142
and Pam Vandiver 199
Index 351

Symbol(s) 3, 31, 57, 64, 68, 90“2, 98, 103, 126, Stone see stone
Material 43
130, 151, 160, 198, 209, 218

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