LINEBURG


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246
Names Index




Abelson, R. P., 44 Cicero, 121, 131, 132, 141, 142, 149,
Aristotle, 1, 15, 18, 30, 31, 45, 47, 70, 160, 161, 166, 167, 169
72, 90 Clark, E.V., 76
Atran, S., 30, 82 Coley, J. D., 17, 30, 43, 82, 91
Ayer, A. J., 131 Crane, T., 105

Barsalou, L. W., 43 Davis, A. S., 79
Becker, A. H., 45 Dennett, D., 115
Berkeley, G., 119 Descartes, R., 111
Billman, D., 45, 83 Dodwell, P., 76, 78
Block, N., 49 Dretske, F., 13, 196, 215, 216, 217, 218,
Blum, P., 74 219, 220, 221, 222, 224, 228,
Boyd, R., 22, 30 230, 231, 234
Boyer, P., 30, 82 Dromi, E., 69
Braithwaite, R., 99 Dummett, M., 150
Brammer, M. J., 79 Dziuawiec, S., 79
Brentano, 228, 229
Bridgeman, B., 79 Elder, C., 86
Brown, A., 78 Eldredge, N., 19
Bullmore, E. T., 79 Ellis, H. D., 79
Burge, T., 90, 194 Evans, G., 80, 85, 96, 112, 115, 116,
Byrnes, J. P., 46, 76 120, 128, 133, 134, 143, 147,
148, 150, 152, 153, 154, 155,
Calvert, G. A., 79 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182,
Campbell, J., 79, 99, 152, 171 183, 184, 185, 187, 193, 195,
Cangelosi, A., 27 200, 201, 202, 213, 214, 215,
Carey, S., 17, 30, 46, 47, 77, 78, 216
82
Carnap, R., 99 Fodor, J., 13, 21, 42, 44, 47, 196, 201,
Carroll, L., 162, 164 217, 218, 221, 224, 228
Choi, S., 69 Frege, G., 114, 116, 118, 129, 130, 131,
Chomsky, N., 46, 76, 184 132, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151,



247
Frege (cont.) Lakoff, G., 8, 43, 44, 48
158, 159, 160, 161, 168, 169, Liberman, A. M., 87, 88
170, 173, 202 Lorenz, K., 122
Fumerton, R., 45, 49 Lundberg, I., 88
Lycan, W., 97
Gallistel, C., 30, 78, 82
Gelman, S. A., 17, 30, 43, 44, 46, 76, MacFarlane, A., 79
78, 81, 82, 91 MacLennan, B. J., 79, 87
Gendler, T. S., 86 Maitra, K., 97
Gentner, D., 69 Markman, E., 16, 17, 30, 35, 43, 44, 46,
Ghiselin, M., 19, 24, 208 69, 82
Gibbons, J., 97 Marler, P., 30, 78, 82
Gibson, J. J., 13, 196, 197, 213, 216, Marr, D., 1, 76
218, 224, 231 Mattingly, I. G., 87
Gilbert, D., 85 Mayr, E., 31
Gleitman, L. R., 88 McDowell, J., 116, 150
Goodman, N., 105, 126, 127, 128, 129, McGuire, P. .K., 79
131 Medin, D. L., 35, 37, 43, 44, 45, 46,
Gopnik, A., 47, 69, 77, 81, 91 81
Gould, S., 19 Meltzoff, A., 47, 77, 81, 91
Grandy, R., 22 Mill, J. S., 16
Grice, H. P., 87, 88 Milne, A., 25, 68
Grimshaw, J., 88 Minsky, M., 44
Morais, J., 88
Morton, J., 79
Hacking, I., A., 16
Muir, D., 76
Hempel, C., 99, 171
Murphy, G. L., 44
Horowitz, F., 76
Hull, D. L., 19, 24, 208
Humphrey, K., 76 Neander, K., 231
Neisser, U., 43, 44
Ingram, D., 69 Nelson, C., 76,
Iverson, S. D., 79 Nelson, K., 70

Johnson, M. H., 44, 79 Ortony, A., 46
Johnson-Laird, P. N., 44
Parisi, D., 27
Kamback, M. C., 79 Peacocke, C., 116, 118, 120, 121, 127,
Kaplan, D., 49, 133, 165 128, 129, 131, 133
Katz, J., 44 Perner, J., 68, 91, 195
Keil, F. C., 17, 21, 30, 43, 44, 46, 47, Piaget, J., 44
69, 73, 78, 81, 82 Pietroski, P. M., 235
Kinsbourne, M., 115 Pinker, S., 88, 203
Komatsu, L. K., 32, 43, 44, 46 Pribram, K. H., 79
Kripke, S., 12, 43, 45, 48, 84 Putnam, H., 17, 18, 43, 45, 48, 84,
Kuhn, T., 30 90




248
Quine, W.V., 71, 81, 87, 99, 101, 103, Strawson, P. F., 115, 136, 137, 140,
106, 119 144, 147, 150, 154, 155, 159,
167, 168, 176, 183, 184, 186,
188
Reichenbach, H., 99
Studdart-Kennedy, M., 87
Rosch, E., 44
Rumelhardt, D. E., 44
Tully, 121, 131, 132, 141, 142, 149, 160,
Russell, B., 6, 16, 49, 95, 177, 178, 179,
161, 166, 167, 169
183
Twain, Mark, 93, 138, 168
Schaffer, M. M., 44
Ward, T. B., 45
Schank, R. C., 44
Waxman, S. R., 76
Selfridge, O., 121
Wettstein, H., 8
Sellars, W., 87, 97, 99, 101, 102, 106,
Whitehead, A., 80, 171
107, 120
Williams, S. C., 79
Shepard, R., 76
Winograd, T., 44
Singer, W., 140
Wiser, M., 47
Smith, C., 43
Woodruff, P. W., 79
Smith, E. E., 35, 37, 47
Speielli, 79
Xu, F., 77
Spelke, E., 30, 76, 82




249
Index




abilities, 77, 108, 216 vs. being able, 54, 60
acquisition of, 62, 98, 185, 194 without dispositions, 57, 58
analysis of, 51“64, 146, 185 acquaintance, 195
and conditions, 59, 61, 62, 74 adaptation, 201
as not dispositions, 57 ahistorical kinds, 18, 20, 24, 25
confirmation of, 103 anaphor model, 138
content of, 63 asymmetrical dependency, 228
Evans™ sense, 180 axioms
fallibility of, 33, 53, 153, 157, 190 of formal systems, 162, 163
goals of, 62 of identity, 165, 167
implementation of, 76
implying dispositions, 61 Bedeutung, 151
improving, 55, 56 being able, 54, 60, 189
individuation of, 60, 64, 145, 151, binding problem, 138
155, 173 biological function, 53, 64, 67, 176
origin of, 50, 64, 66, 78 biological kinds, 228
perceptual, 79, 101 biology, 19, 31, 208
practical, 75 boundaries
same, 11, 92, 173, 174 artificial, 28, 38
to classify, 41, 42 vague, 25, 36, 38
to distinguish, 69, 180 bridge principles, 99, 100, 103
to identify, 8, 14, 34, 51, 53, 64, 65,
90, 183, 202 capacities, 7, 64, 70, 181, 186, 233
to learn, 200 analysis of, 41, 185
to recognize, 13, 82, 155, 174, 175, changing into abilities, 64
182, 194 distinct from abilities, 51
to recognize difference, 38 Evans™ sense, 193
to reidentify, 6, 9, 10, 51, 64, 65, for knowledge, 181
108, 109, 155, 174, 177, 182, to acquire abilities, 51
189, 196, 200 to classify, 34
vs. ability to develop abilities, to distinguish, 153, 180
186 to identify, 7, 14



251
capacities (cont.) demand for, 114, 119, 122, 125
to recognize, 185, 211 importation of, 119, 122
to reidentify, 76, 108, 182, 196, 215 in formal systems, 166
to think about thoughts, 179 conceptionism, 42, 43, 47, 49, 191
to track, 75, 80 conceptions, 11, 12, 39ff, 56, 60, 64, 67,
categories, 26, 29, 43, 44, 46 73, 77, 91, 93, 155, 173, 174, 194
early, 8 adult, 93, 94
of language, 45 aspects of, 151, 174, 175, 176
of substances, 32 separate from substance concepts,
ontological, 73 145, 173
categorization, 34, 36, 44 concepts
causal theory of reference, 49 adequate, 104, 213
channel conditions, 219ff, 227 analytical, 39, 40, 71, 72, 79
Christmas lights model, 136, 138, 160 and classification, 34, 37
circumstances apparent, 195
for success, 56, 101, 212 application of, 87
historical, 205 as necessary for cognition, 202
likely, 53, 55, 58 as properties, 43
of identification, 10 discursive, 202
represented, 197 early, 71, 87
unfavorable, 53, 145 empirical, 96, 98, 100, 103, 105, 108
varying, 55, 101, 108 epistemology of, 96, 101, 102
classes, 37, 39 equivocation of, 13, 68, 91, 103, 191
classification, 25, 35, 37, 39, 41, 45, 81 Evans™ sense, 134, 180, 183
function of, 34 examples of, 1
of concepts, 174 extension of, 11, 42, 49, 194
principles of, 31 Fodor™s sense, 217
structure of, 71 formation of, 30, 49, 83, 99, 104
systems of, 31, 35, 36, 38 grounding of, 105
classifiers, 34, 36, 39, 42, 48, 83 holism of, 102
code, 197, 223ff honing, 106
token, 235 in inductions, 4
type, 235 individuation of, 74
cognition, 114, 146 learning of, 44
central problem of, 5, 172 linguistic, 93
environment for, 210 nontheoretical, 101
intentionality of, 202 of classes, 39
teleology in, 230 of individuals, 10
theory of, 1, 2 of properties, 42, 66, 69, 78, 79, 81,
vs. perception, 200 106
cognitive role, 87 of the mental, 97
coidentification, 144, 167, 172, 176, predicate, 16, 41
184, 187, 193, 200 prelinguistic, 76
communication, 35, 36, 37, 79, 148 psychological theories of, 43
commutativity, 163 redundancy of, 13, 103
complements, 106 relative to theories, 47
completeness same, 11, 12, 92, 171, 173



252
structure of, 17, 46, 74, 75 perceptual, 116, 212
synthetical, 40, 72 referential, 109
temporary, 80 representational, 112, 117, 122, 229,
testing of, 105 235
theoretical, 100 sameness in, 133, 134, 142ff, 160,
theory of, 2 166, 170, 172
through language, 90 teleological theory of, 229
tokens, 173, 174 contradiction, 104, 105, 106, 142, 143,
tracking of, 47 161, 170
types, 174 contraries, 106, 107
vague, 68 conventionalism, 44
vs. being able to reidentify, 189 conventions, 44, 167
vs. conceptions, 12, 47, 60, 173 convergence, 100, 103
conceptual role, 78 copying, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 41, 165,
conditions 208
ceteris paribus, 220 correspondence, 197, 198, 227
favorable, 59, 93, 189 covariation, 221
for dispositions, 52
historical, 61, 62, 185 De Morgan™s laws, 163
unfavorable, 8, 33, 54, 58, 60, 63, definite descriptions, 45, 132, 151, 158,
65, 145, 191, 211 176, 182, 188, 191
varying, 6, 7, 33, 72, 76, 78, 107, demonstrative thoughts, 182
156, 225 descriptionism, 42, 43, 44, 45, 49, 84,
consistency 191
demand for, 113, 114, 125, 128, descriptions, 16, 42, 43, 44, 45, 81,
130, 131 158
in formal systems, 166 design, 63, 146, 165, 198, 230
constancy determinacy
externalization of, 117, 118 importation of, 119
internalization of, 117, 118, 126, difference, 121, 124, 125, 129, 131, 132,
127, 128 133
perceptual, 76, 78, 102, 116 externalization of, 126
content importation of, 125
conceptual, 42, 114, 169 internalization of, 124, 126, 127, 128
equivocation of, 173 differents, 124, 131, 132
Evans™ sense, 214 externalization of, 132
externalism of, 90, 98, 178 importation of, 125
externalization of, 113, 114, 116, 121 internalization of, 124, 130
informational, 170, 201, 213, 214, direct reference, 34, 42, 45
224 discrimination, 109, 194, 217, 235, 236,
intentional, 110ff, 121ff, 160, 201, 237
202, 214, 215, 216, 229, 233, 235 dispositions, 33, 34, 42, 51ff, 61ff, 73,
internalism of, 130 92, 146, 179, 185, 189, 191, 202,
internalization of, 113, 114, 116, 215, 235
120, 121 inference, 87
of thought, 98, 133, 146, 218 realization of, 52
of visagings, 119, 124 senses of, 52, 53



253
dispositions (cont.) feature detectors, 79, 141
typing rules as, 167 features, 32, 79, 138, 141, 156, 225, 233
without abilities, 58 fitness, 206
division, 155, 205, 212 focusing, 231
division of linguistic labor, 84, 90 reference, 68, 149, 195
duplicates marker, 137, 140, 162 formal system, 99, 161, 162, 164, 165
duplicates model, 137, 140, 142, 160 function, 2, 20, 49, 50, 51, 63, 66, 74,
duplication, 96, 139, 146, 165, 166, 146, 149, 168, 169, 193, 194,
169 196, 202, 228ff
dynamic Fregean thoughts, 147, 152 fundamental Idea, 134, 181ff, 215
dynamic mode of presentation, 153,
154, 155, 180 generality constraint, 180, 200, 201
genes, 19, 23, 25
ecological psychology, 224 grammar, 27, 46, 72, 92, 172
ecology, 209, 211 graspings, 111, 129, 133, 159, 161, 170
ends, 60, 62, 145, 151, 173, 174 ground of difference, 181
environment, 197ff, 206ff, 212, 217,
225, 227, 230, 231, 232, 235 Hesperus, 93, 185, 188
historical, 20 hierarchy, 30, 31, 32
interaction with, 63 historical kinds, 18, 20ff, 208, 228
epistemology, 14, 26, 96, 98, 100, 101, historical relations, 19, 20, 24, 68, 95,
149, 181, 210 98, 208
equivalence classes, 166 holism, 100, 101
equivocation, 68, 160, 192 homeostasis, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24
in thought, 91, 152, 153, 167, 168, human nature, 19, 208
178, 186, 190, 191
of conceptions, 92 identification, 42, 151
of concepts, 96, 191 and learning, 143
of reference, 211 and word meaning, 94
of representation, 195 as reidentification, 143
error, 112, 145, 146, 154, 172, 190, correct, 25
230, 233 degrees of, 189
essences, 10, 18, 23, 24, 28, 41, 46, 48, dispositions for, 34, 65
184 failure of, 7, 8, 33, 146, 149, 154,
evolution, 50, 83, 203, 229, 233 172, 191, 211
laws of, 205, 206, 207 function of, 34, 38, 53
exemplar, 44, 45 individuating ways of, 156, 174
explanation-based view, 44, 46, 47 knowledge for, 81, 175
explanations, 46, 174 means of, 7, 10, 11, 39, 93
extension, 9, 12, 33, 36ff, 64, 82, 84, 87 objects of, 73
externalism, 14, 95ff, 171, 177, 179, 211 of substances, 38
challenges for, 98 perceptual, 145
vs. classification, 41, 71
fallibility, 7, 8, 33, 39, 53, 66, 72, 87, 89, identity
103, 157, 158, 174, 185, 189, across time, 139
196, 212 criteria of, 75, 79, 181, 183, 189
family resemblance, 44, 45 empirical, 172



254
errors of, 171 informationC, 13, 81, 88, 185, 211,
function of, 141 216, 236, 237
grasping of, 131, 141, 143, 167, 173, informationL, 196, 197, 198, 223“37
177, 200 intensions, 12
marking, 147, 161, 166, 172, 186 intentional attitudes, 97, 130, 173, 175
mistakes in, 178 intentional icons, 199
negative, 149 intentional object, 111, 118, 128, 131,
of referential content, 110 178
representation of, 136ff, 142, 146 intentionality, 196, 199, 202, 229
sentences, 149 intentions, 52
uninformative, 169, 170 intermediaries, 114, 115, 118, 120ff,
visaging of, 124 133
illusion, 85, 86, 110, 111, 117, 145, internal relations, 114, 119, 121, 123
212 internalism, 97, 98, 130, 160, 170, 184
incorrigible access, 96 interpretation, 89, 223, 232, 236
indexicals, 89, 149, 176 intratheoretical relations, 99, 100
individual propensities, 57 invariances, 12, 26, 38, 73, 74, 78, 224,
individuals, 1, 3, 15, 69, 70, 74, 75, 77, 225
108, 136, 139, 154, 156, 227, isomorphism, 198
234, 235
induction, 4, 17, 30 judgments, 6, 102, 103, 105, 153, 177,
fertility of, 32 179
inference, 26, 37, 141, 142, 143, 144, empirical, 106
145, 146, 151, 158, 161, 171, epistemology of, 101
190, 201, 202, 216 grounded, 181, 187, 188, 189
information, 7, 81, 195, 201“37 of identity, 110, 130, 131, 159, 161,
acquisition of, 9, 38, 50, 74, 77, 85, 169, 172, 182, 216
141 of negative identity, 168
channel, 196, 221ff, 230, 232, 235, perceptual, 87, 101, 103, 105, 106
236 subject-predicate, 71
combination of, 143
Dretske™s definition, 218 kinds, 4, 29, 44, 46, 69, 71, 74, 75, 82,
Evans™ sense, 214 83, 108, 156, 192, 235
Gibsonian, 225 knowledge, 195, 210
intentional, 216 inductive, 17
natural, 13, 14, 121, 133, 140, 185, map, 136
196, 216, 217, 222, 224, 228, of identity, 141
234, 237 of substances, 4, 5, 6, 77, 81
sensory, 138, 152 of thoughts, 97
soft natural, 228, 234 probable, 4, 25
storage, 37
through language, 88, 89 language, 14, 39, 48, 84“94, 130
transfer of, 39 language community, 89, 90, 166, 194,
visual, 226 208
information based thoughts, 213 language of thought, 133, 137, 142,
informational state, 195, 213, 214, 215, 167, 171, 173, 201
216 language rules, 41



255
laws, 24, 99, 219, 228, 234, 236 normal explanation, 216
ceteris paribus, 146, 207, 219, 225, normal function, 67
228 normal structure, 65
ecological, 225
natural, 15, 227 observations, 16, 28, 31, 82
learning, 33, 50, 57, 63, 164, 197, 229, ontological ground of induction, 2, 16,
233 17, 18, 20, 23, 24, 39, 41, 46, 47,
early, 69 48, 70, 71, 81, 182, 237
perceptual, 117, 139 historical, 20
trial and error, 65 opacity, 175
logic, 30, 72, 106 operational definitions, 39
logical form, 112, 171, 195
passive picture theory, 112, 113, 115,
meaning, 45, 47, 48, 91ff, 100, 115, 123, 124, 130ff, 160, 166, 199
177, 202 perception, 85, 87, 109ff, 124, 127, 139,
natural, 220 199, 217
means, 10, 11, 39, 59, 60, 91, 145, 151, direct, 85, 197
155, 156, 173, 174, 189, 194 of speech, 87

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