LINEBURG


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metastases, 195 montelukast, 78 MVP see mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
breast cancer, 372 Morbiluncus infection, 322 myasthenia gravis (MG), 152“5
methalaminopropionitrile, 223 morphine Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection see
methohexital cardiovascular effects, 2 tuberculosis
electroconvulsive therapy, 364, 368 HIV infection, 324“5 mycophenolate mofetil, 389, 393
epileptic effects, 169 liver transplantation, anesthetic management, myasthenia gravis therapy, 153
´
methotrexate 394 mycoplasma, Guillain“Barre syndrome, 218
rheumatoid arthritis therapy, 407 renal failure effects, 261 Mycoplasma hominis infection, 322
trophoblastic disease therapy, 376 morphologic left ventricle, Fontan repair, 20 myelofibrosis, 301
methyldopa morphologic right ventricle, Fontan repair, 20 myelography, central nervous system disorders, 167
Conn syndrome management, 287 mortality myelography, tethered cord syndrome, 206
renal failure effects, 261 antiphospholipid syndrome, 419 myelomeningocele, 202
methyl-n-butyl ketone, 223 cerebral trauma, 181 spina bifida cystica, 203
methylprednisolone Eisenmenger syndrome, 21 myeloproliferative disorders, Philadelphia negative,
chronic asthma therapy, 78 malaria, 330, 331 299“301
postcesarean section pain, 235 maternal see also specific diseases/disorders
status asthmaticus management, 79 heart disease, 3 MYH9-related disease, 305“6
metoclopramide, 230 pregnancy in kidney transplantation, 383 myocardial infarction, 14“15
familial dysautonomia, 217 scoliosis, 135 myofascial trigger points, fibromyalgia therapy, 233
malignant hyperthermia, 269, 271 sickle cell embolism, 89 myopathies, 101“18
porphyria, 245 sickling syndromes, 295 malignant hyperthermia vs., 269, 270
renal failure effects, 261 systemic lupus erythematosus, 411 muscle membrane excitability disorders,
metoprolol, dosages, 232 tuberculosis, 331 108“10, 117
metronidazole, 224 motor neuron disorders, 200 see also myotonia congenita
metyrapone, 287 mouth cancer therapy, 375 see also specific diseases/disorders
MHC class II, pemphigoid of pregnancy, 347 Moyamoya disease, 68“9 myositis ossificans progressiva, 110
microangiopathic disorders, 303 mucociliary dysfunction, scoliosis, 140 cesarean section, 110, 123
midazolam mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, 334 ethane 1-hydroxy-1,1-disphosphate, 110, 122“3
cardiovascular effects, 2 mucolipidoses II, 241 myotonia
panic disorder management, 369 mucus retention, cystic fibrosis, 89 myopathies, 108, 117
renal failure effects, 261 multidisciplinary teams, heart disease, 4 paramyotonia congenita, 108, 119
seizure disorders management, 168 multidrug chemotherapy, trophoblastic disease myotonia atrophica see myotonic dystrophy
Mieschers radial granulomas, 351 therapy, 377 myotonia congenita, 108, 117“18
migraine, 229“31 multifocal atrial tachycardia, 35 myotonic crisis see myotonic dystrophy
milrinone, 11 multigenic inheritance, malignant hyperthermia, myotonic dystrophy, 101“2
mineralocorticoids, 285 269 anesthetic management, 103“4
minicore myopathies, 104 multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) clinical features, 101, 102, 116“17, 118
minimal change nephropathy, 263 pheochromocytoma, 283, 283 myotonic handshake, 101, 115“16
minute ventilation (MV), 135 multiple lesions, pulmonary arteriovenous congenital, 102“3
Mirror syndrome, 314 malformations, 61 genetic counseling, 103, 121“6
missile injuries, cerebral trauma, 181 multiple myeloma, 301 transmission, 102, 121
mitochondrial disorders, 108 muscle cramps, McArdle disease, 240 incidence, 101, 115“18
mitral insufficiency see mitral regurgitation/ muscle destruction, malignant hyperthermia, 269 myotonic crisis, 103
insufficiency muscle membrane excitability disorders see neostigmine, 104, 117
mitral regurgitation/insufficiency, 9, 10 myopathies prevention, 103
mitral stenosis, 6“8 muscle relaxants, heart transplantation, 396 therapy, 103
dysrhythmias, 40 muscle strength monitoring obstetrical complications, 102
mitral valve prolapse (MVP), 10“11, 40, 41 inflammatory myopathies, 110, 122 postpartum period, 104
Marfan syndrome, 66 myasthenia gravis, 155 pregnancy, 101“2
scoliosis, 133 muscle weakness anesthesia, 103“4
mitral valve replacement, 10 hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, 108, 119, 120 cesarean section, 103, 116
mivacurium, 155 spinal muscular atrophy, 198 combined spinal“epidural analgesia/
mixed valvular lesions, 9“10 muscular dystrophies, 101, 105 anesthesia, 103, 116
Mobitz type I atrioventricular (AV) blocks, 32 echocardiography, 101, 115 deterioration, 101, 118“20
Mobitz type II atrioventricular (AV) blocks, 32“3 inheritance, 101, 107, 115“28 epidural anesthesia, 103, 125“6
modified radical mastectomy, 371 see also specific diseases/disorders general anesthesia, 104, 117
monitoring musculoskeletal problems nifedipine, 102, 121
Eisenmenger syndrome management, 21 end-stage renal disease, 383 preeclampsia, 102, 121
thyrotoxic crisis, 276 osteogenesis imperfecta, 162 premature labor, 102




436
Index


preoperative investigations, 103, 122“5 neurocutaneous disorders, 148“51 Marfan syndrome, 68
spinal anesthesia, 103, 126 see also specific diseases/disorders pheochromocytoma, 285
tocolytic therapy, 102, 121 neuroectodermal syndromes, pheochromocytoma, primary pulmonary hypertension, 58
uterine contractions, 102, 120“1 283 nitrous oxide
verapamil, 102, 121 neurofibromatosis, 148“9, 218, 352 asthma, cesarean section, 80
type I, 101, 117, 118 pheochromocytoma, 283 cardiovascular effects, 2
type II, 101, 118 spinal involvement, 196 cystic fibrosis, 91
myotonic handshake, 101, 115“16 type 2, 217“18 heart transplantation, 396
neurolemmomas, 196 Parkinson disease, 172
naproxen, dosages, 232 neuroleptic malignant syndrome, 364 porphyria, 245
narrow-complex tachydysrhythmias, 34 malignant hyperthermia vs., 269 primary pulmonary hypertension, 59
narrow-QRS-complex tachycardias Parkinson disease, 172 Takayasu arteritis, 65
see supraventricular tachycardias thyrotoxic crisis vs., 275 nonachondroplastic dwarfism, 102, 121
(SVT) neuroleptics, HIV infection, 324 nondepolarizing muscle relaxants (NDMR)
National Comprehensive Cancer Network, neurological abnormalities malignant hyperthermia, 270, 271
breast cancer therapy guidelines, achondroplasia, 120 myasthenia gravis, 155
372 cyclosporine, 392 nonHodgkin lymphoma, 301
National Transplantation Pregnancy Register end-stage renal disease, 383 noninvasive echocardiography, 32
(NTPR), 381, 392 systemic lupus erythematosus, 410, 413 noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring
NDMR, 157 tacrolimus, 392 achondroplasia, 122
nedocromil, 78 thrombotic thrombocytopenic heart disease, 6
negative-pressure ventilation, scoliosis, 137 purpura, 308 nonparoxysmal atrial tachycardia, 35
Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection, 322, 389 tuberous sclerosis, 150 nonpharmacologic intervention, Parkinson
dermatoses, 350 neuromuscular blocking agents disease, 171
Nelson syndrome, 281 Charcot“Marie“Tooth disease, 216 nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
nemaline myopathies, 104, 122 cyclosporine interactions, 392 back pain therapy, 231
neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT), hepatolenticular degeneration, 256 gender differences, 229
309 neuromuscular disease migraine therapy, 230
neonates acute porphyria, 244 post cesarean section pain, 235
acute cardiac decompensation, 141 neuropathic pain see pain, chronic renal failure effects, 261
human papillomavirus infection, 326 neuropathies rheumatoid arthritis therapy, 407, 410
lesions, pemphigoid of pregnancy, 348 lower limb, 219“20 systemic lupus erythematosus therapy, 412
lupus, 411 post cesarean section pain, 235 thrombocytopenia, 303
malignant hyperthermia diagnosis, 269 upper limb, 219 nonstructural scoliosis, 129
myasthenia gravis monitoring, 153 neurosurgery (during pregnancy), 179, Noonan syndrome, 145“8
phenylketonuria screening, 241 180“1 norepinephrine
thyroid disease see thyroid disease benign intracranial hypertension, 177“8 acute cardiac decompensation, 141
neonates thrombocytopenia, 304 nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome see Gorlin malignant hyperthermia, 269, 270
neoplasms, central nervous system see central disease normochromic normocytic anemia, chronic renal
nervous system disorders new acute dysrhythmias, 30 failure, 259
0
neostigmine New York Heart Association (NYHA) 5 nucleotidase, pregnancy, effects of, 250
dosages, 154 class I, 1 nutritional status, cystic fibrosis, 91
renal failure effects, 261 class II, 1
heart transplantation, anesthetic management, 396 class III, 1 obliterative bronchiolitis, heart“lung
myasthenia gravis, 154 class IV, 1, 4 transplantation, 388
myotonic crisis, 104, 117 functional capacity, 3 obliterative bronchiolitis syndrome, heart“lung
porphyria, 245 objective assessment, 3 transplantation, 388
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, 281 structural heart disease classification, 1 obstetric cholestasis see intrahepatic cholestasis of
nephrotoxicity, cyclosporine, 391 nifedipine pregnancy
neural spina bifida occulta, 202 intravenous fluid management, 180 obstetric management see specific diseases/disorders
neuraxial anesthesia myotonic dystrophy, 102, 121 obstetric palsies, 219
achondroplasia, 120 primary pulmonary hypertension, 58 obstructive sleep apnea, 135
atrial septal defects, 17 spinal cord injury, 194 obstructive ventilatory patters, Parkinson
bacterial infections, 321 nitric oxide disease, 172
breast cancer, 372 acute cardiac decompensation, 141 obturator nerve palsy, 220
dengue virus infection, 329 adult respiratory distress syndrome, 76, 93 occlusive thromboarteropathy see Takayasu arteritis
factor XI deficiency, 313 nitrofurantoin, 224 OKT3, 345, 389, 393
Friedreich ataxia, 157 nitroglycerin ondansetron therapy, 347
heart disease, 5 cardiovascular effects, 2 1226G (N370S) mutation, 241
lower limb neuropathies, 220 intravenous fluid, 180 opioids
neurofibromatosis, 149 Marfan syndrome, 68 asthma labor/delivery, 80
patent ductus arteriosus, 18 peripartum ischemic heart disease, 15 cyclosporine interactions, 392
peripheral neuropathy, 225 renal failure effects, 261 epileptic effects, 169
spina bifida cystica, 204 spinal cord injury, 194 fibromyalgia therapy, 233, 234
thrombocytopenia, 299 Takayasu arteritis, 65 gender differences, 229
thromboembolic disease, 85 nitroprusside heart transplantation, anesthetic management, 396
neuroacoustic neuromas, 218 intravenous fluid, 180 HIV infection, 324




437
Index


opioids (cont.) definition, 229 differential diagnosis, 345, 347, 393
intrathecal drug dosages, 232 immunopathology, 348
peripartum cardiomyopathy, 12 gender differences, 229 incidence, 347
pulmonary artery aneurysm, 63 estrogen, 229 lesions in neonates, 348
myasthenia gravis, 155 progesterone, 229 MHC class II expression, 347
Parkinson disease, 172 somatic sensitivity, 229 pathogenesis, 347
peripheral neuropathy prevention, 225 tethered cord syndrome, 206 signs and symptoms, 347
porphyria therapy, 245 paired tender points, fibromyalgia, 233 pemphigus vulgaris, 357
scoliosis labor analgesia, 140 pancreas penicillamine, 407, 408
Takayasu arteritis, 65 endocrine diseases of, 278“80 penicillins, renal failure effects, 261
oral ulcers, systemic lupus erythematosus, 410 see also specific diseases/disorders pentoxyfylline, 11
orthodromic AV reentrant tachycardia, 43 pancreas“kidney transplantation, 381“4 percutaneous coronary angioplasty, 14, 15
orthopnea, normal pregnancy, 1 anesthetic management, 394 perhexiline, 224
orthostatic hypertension, heart transplantation, diabetes mellitus type 1, 384 pericarditis, 40
anesthetic management, 396 pregnancy perimembranous (PM) ventricular septal
orthostatic syncope, normal pregnancy, 1 considerations, 382 defects, 17
Ortner syndrome, 57 rejection, 384 perinatal morbidity, aplastic anemia, 298
Osler“Weber“Rendu disease see hereditary statistics, 382 perinatal mortality
hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) see also kidney transplantation aplastic anemia, 298
Osserman classification, myasthenia gravis, 152 pancreatitis, 249, 258 myasthenia gravis, 153
osteogenesis imperfecta, 161“3 chronic hereditary, 197 peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM), 11“12
clinical features, 147 pancuronium dysrhythmias, 40
malignant hyperthermia vs., 269, 271 cardiovascular effects, 2 peripartum ischemic heart disease, 14“15
osteoporosis renal failure effects, 261 peripartum monitoring, heart disease, 6
liver transplantation, 386 pandemics, influenza, 327 peripartum psychoses, schizophrenia, 364
prednisone, 389 panhypopituitarism, 282 peripheral edema, normal pregnancy, 2
osteoporosis of pregnancy, 129, 141“2 anesthetic management, 282 peripheral neuropathy, 202, 215“27, 368
ovarian cancer, 373“4 panic disorder, 368“9 restrictive respiratory insufficiency, 224
incidence, 371 Papanicolaou (Pap) screening, 373 peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis (PPAS), 62“3
overlap syndrome, inflammatory myopathies, 110, paracervical block, 80 peroneal muscular atrophy see
121“2 paracetamol see acetaminophen Charcot“Marie“Tooth disease
oxycodone, renal failure effects, 261 paradoxical air embolism, 85, 86 peroneal neuropathy, 220
oxygen paramyotonia congenita, 108 personality disorders, 363
amniotic fluid embolism management, 88 myotonia, 108, 119 Pertussis infections, 322
cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 53 tocainide therapy, 108, 118 pharyngeal aspiration, Parkinson disease, 172
Eisenmenger syndrome management, 22 parathyroid adenoma, 288 phenelzine
heart“lung transplantation, 388 parathyroid glands, 288“89 case reports, 367
malignant hyperthermia, 269 parathyroid hormone (PTH), 288 panic disorder management, 369
peripartum ischemic heart disease, 14, 15 parenteral opioid analgesia, cystic fibrosis, 91 phenobarbital, thyroid disease effects, 277
pneumothorax, 93 parenteral opioids, epilepsy, 170 phenothiazines
scoliosis, 137 Parkinson disease, 170“2 acquired long QT syndrome, 46
status asthmaticus management, 79 paroxetine, side effects, 366, 367 porphyria therapy, 245
oxytocin paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), renal failure effects, 261
asthma cesarean section, 80 297“9 schizophrenia management, 363
bacterial infections, 321 paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT), phenoxybenzamine, 284, 284
cardiovascular effects, 2 34“6 phentolamine
Eisenmenger syndrome management, 22 parvovirus B19 infection, 327 pheochromocytoma, 285
in heart disease, 6 dermatoses, 354 primary pulmonary hypertension, 58
hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, 13 ultrasonography, 327 spinal cord injury, 194
peripartum ischemic heart disease, 15 patent ductus arteriosus, 18 phenylephrine
Takayasu arteritis, 65 patent foramen ovale (PFO), 16 Eisenmenger syndrome management, 22
patient anxiety, thyrotoxic crisis, 276 hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, 13
pacemakers, 49 patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) intravenous fluid management, 180
anesthetic management, 49, 51 spinal cord injury, 194 Marfan syndrome, 67
assessment, 50 thrombocytopenia, 299 mitral stenosis, 7
long QT syndrome therapy, 46 patient education, fibromyalgia therapy, 233 peripartum ischemic heart disease, 15
in pregnancy, 47, 49 patient transfer/positioning primary pulmonary hypertension, 58
second degree atrioventricular blocks, 49 epidermolysis bullosa, 350 spinal cord injury, 194
tachydysrhythmias, 49 osteogenesis imperfecta, 163 phenylketonuria (PKU), 240, 241
third degree atrioventricular blocks, 33, 49 peliosis hepatitis, 249, 257 phenytoin
padding, hereditary neuropathy with liability to pelvis anesthetic interactions, 169
pressure palsies management, 217 achondroplasia, 120 breast milk, secretion in, 169
pain chronic spinal cord injury, 192 peripheral neuropathy, 224
acute, 229 scoliosis, 138 side effects, 170
chronic, 229“38 spina bifida cystica, 204 thyroid disease effects, 277
definition, 229 pemphigoid of pregnancy, 347“9 pheochromocytomas, 283“5
classification, 229 anesthetic management, 348, 349“50 neurofibromatosis, 149




438
Index


sickling syndromes, 296 positioning, rheumatoid arthritis, 409 skin, changes in, 343, 345
von Hippel“Lindau syndrome, 151 positive pressure ventilation, adult respiratory vascular disease, 57
thyrotoxic crisis vs., 275 distress syndrome, 75“6 pregnancy complications, dwarfism, 108, 117
Philadelphia chromosome negative positron emission tomography, Parkinson disease pregnancy-induced hemolytic anemias, 297
myeloproliferative disease see diagnosis, 171 pregnancy-induced intercostal neuralgia, 235
myeloproliferative disorders, Philadelphia post cesarean section pain, 234“5 preload changes, heart transplantation, 396
negative postoperative analgesia see analgesia preload control, hypertrophic obstructive
phlebotomy, polycythemia vera, 301 postoperative shivering, Parkinson disease, 172 cardiomyopathy, 12
phosphates, hyperparathyroidism, 288 postpartum hemorrhage, Bernard“Soulier preload maintenance, 6
photosensitivity, systemic lupus erythematosus, 410 syndrome, 305 premature atrial beats, 29
physical examination postpartum monitoring, heart transplantation, 397 premature atrial depolarizations (PAD), 29, 34
anesthetic management in transplant recipients, postpartum neuropathy, incidence, 219 premature birth/labor
393 postpartum pain, 234 bacterial infections, 321
intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, 253 post polio syndrome, 201, 202 Chlamydia psittaci infection, 334
tachydysrhythmias, 36 post subarachnoid hemorrhage, coma, 182 chronic spinal cord injury, 192
physical fitness, back pain therapy, 231 post transpulmonic valve annular patch repair, 19 Ehlers Danlos syndrome, 160
pituitary gland disorders, 280“2 postural drainage, cystic fibrosis therapy, 90 myotonic dystrophy, 102
pituitary tumors, 173 postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome neurosurgery, 180
see also specific tumors (POTS), 53 renal replacement therapy, 264
placental transfer, antidysrhythmic drugs, 51 posture, intracranial pressure, 179 scoliosis, 136
plague see Yersinia infections potassium, dysrhythmias, 41 spinal cord injury, 193
plasmapheresis potassium aggravated myotonia, 108 transplantation, 388
Glanzmann thrombasthenia, 306 potassium iodide, 275, 276 premature rupture of the membranes (PROM), 147
myasthenia gravis therapy, 152, 153, 154, 155 PPCM see peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) premature ventricular depolarizations (PVD),
Plasmodium infections see malaria praziquantel therapy, 332 29, 34
platelet function analyzer, 293 preconception counseling, psychiatric disorders, prenylamine, acquired long QT syndrome, 46
platelets 363 preoperative consultation, dwarfism, 108, 117
clumping, 2, 305 precordial Doppler monitoring, venous air prepregnancy hypertension, transplantation, 381
counts embolism diagnosis, 85, 86 pressors, primary pulmonary hypertension, 58
idiopathic/immune thrombocytopenic prednisolone primaquine, malaria therapy, 331
purpura, 304 chronic asthma therapy, 78 primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), 251
pregnancy, changes during, 294, 303, 384 status asthmaticus management, 79 incidence, 258
thrombocythemia, 300 prednisone, 389“90, 395 primary lateral sclerosis, 200
Gaucher disease, 241 chronic asthma therapy, 78 primary pulmonary hypertension, 57“9
inhibitors, 5 migraine therapy, 230 primary red cell aplasia (PRCA), 298
transfusions, bone marrow failure peripartum cardiomyopathy, 11 primary sclerosing cholangitis, 249, 258
syndromes, 299 rheumatoid arthritis therapy, 410 primidone, 169
platelet storage pool deficiency (SPD), 303, 306“7 status asthmaticus management, 79 primum atrial septal defects, 16
a-granules see grey platelet syndrome (aSPD) preeclampsia procainamide, 52
plumboporphyria, 242 coarctation of the aorta, 20 acquired long QT syndrome, 46
pneumonic plague, 333 Friedreich ataxia, 156 atrial fibrillation therapy, 38
pneumothorax, 92“4 intracerebral hemorrhage, 175 atrial flutter therapy, 37
tube thoracostomy, 4 myotonic dystrophy, 102, 121 premature ventricular depolarization
secondary, 93 pregnancy in kidney transplantation, 49 management, 34
poliomyelitis prevention, scoliosis, 130 trophoblastic disease, 377 ventricular tachycardia therapy, 39
polyarteritis nodosa, 414“15 preexcitation syndromes, 41“4 progesterone, pain, 229
dermatoses, 357 pathophysiology, 41“3 Prograf see tacrolimus
polycythemia, scoliosis, 137 preexisting dysrhythmias, 30 progressive bulbar palsy, 200
polycythemia vera (PV), 300“2 pregabalin, 235 progressive muscular atrophy, 200
polyhydramnios, renal replacement therapy, 264 pregnancy, normal, 1“3, 4, 13“14, 30 prokinetics, familial dysautonomia, 217
polymorphic dermatitis of pregnancy see cardiac changes prolactin, osteoporosis of pregnancy, 141
polymorphic eruption of pregnancy cardiac output, 30 prolactinoma, 280“1
polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP), 3, 345“6 coarctation of the aorta, 19 propafenone, 38
differential diagnosis, 385 heart rate see heart rate propanolol, 52
Pompe disease, 239, 240 heart rhythm, 30 dosages, 232
porphyria, 242“5 chest pain, 1 pheochromocytoma, 285
population based study, 16 electrocardiography, 14, 29, 30 thyrotoxic crisis management, 275, 276
peripheral neuropathy, 221 exercise stress electrocardiography, 14 propofol
see also specific diseases hematological indices, 293, 294 asthma, 79
porphyria cutanea tarda, 348 hematological testing, 293 bacterial infections, 323
porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT), 242 kidneys, changes in, 258 cardiovascular effects, 2
obstetric implications, 239, 242 liver, effects on, 249, 250, 254“5, 384 cyclosporine interactions, 392
porphyrin metabolism, pregnancy, effects of, orthopnea, 1 epileptic effects, 170
249, 257 orthostatic syncope, 1 HIV infection, 324
portal hypertension, 249, 255 peripheral edema, 2 myasthenia gravis, 155
liver transplantation, anesthetic pseudo-cardiomegaly, 2 pharmacokinetics, 395
management, 394 rales, 2 renal failure effects, 261




439
Index


propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS), 108 liver transplantation, 386 radiofrequency ablation, 43
proportionate dwarfism see dwarfism systemic lupus erythematosus, 413 radiography, 235
propylthiouracil, 275 pulmonary edema cardiac conduction disorders, 31
prostacyclin, primary pulmonary hypertension amniotic fluid embolism, 87, 88 pheochromocytoma, 284
therapy, 58 paroxysmal supraventricular scoliosis, 138
prostaglandin(s), pulmonary artery pressure tachycardia, 36 tethered cord syndrome, 206
management, 7 pulmonary embolism, 80“9 radiotherapy
prostaglandin E2, asthma cesarean section, 80 signs and symptoms, 82 breast cancer, 371
prostaglandin F2-alpha pulmonary function central nervous system tumor, 375
Eisenmenger syndrome management, 22 cystic fibrosis cesarean section, 92 rales, 2
in heart disease, 6 heart“lung transplantation see heart“lung randomized controlled studies, 1
heart transplantation, 396 transplantation ranitidine
peripartum ischemic heart disease, 15 pulmonary hypertension, 21 Parkinson disease, 172
Takayasu arteritis, 65 adult respiratory distress syndrome, 75 porphyria, 245
prosthetic heart valves cardiac output, 134 renal failure effects, 261
hemolytic anemias, 297 definition, 134 Rapamune, 393
see also valvulotomy electrocardiography, 58 rapamycin, 393
protamine etiology, 21 rash, 110, 120, 121
deep vein thrombosis management, 84 management, 22, 138 Rastelli procedure, 21, 32
thromboembolic disease, 85 inhaled nitric oxide, 22 Raynaud phenomenon, 416, 419
protein C primary see primary pulmonary hypertension rebleeding, subarachnoid hemorrhage, 174
deficiency, 314 pulmonary vascular resistance, 134 ˜˜rebound immunoresponsiveness,™™ 390
pregnancy, effects of, 294 scoliosis, 133“4, 138 recombinant tissue plasminogen activator
protein S symptoms, 21 (rt-PA), 84
deficiency, 314 see also Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) red blood cell mass, 294
pregnancy, effects of, 294 pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis, 93, 95 red blood cells
proteins, serum, pregnancy, effects of, 384 pulmonary stenosis, 145 abnormalities, 293“7
proteinuria, normal pregnancy, 258 pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), 81“4 see also specific diseases/disorders
protein Z deficiency, 314 pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) enzyme deficiencies, 297
Proteus syndrome, 352 affecting factors, 7 transfusions, sickling syndromes, 295
prothrombin deficiency see factor II deficiency mitral stenosis, 7 reflux nephropathy, 249, 261
prothrombin time, pregnancy, effects of, 293, 384 pulmonary hypertension, 134 Refsum disease, 216
proton pump inhibitors, 252 scoliosis, 133 regional anesthesia
pruritic diseases see dermatoses pulmonary vasculature, scoliosis, 132, 133 achondroplasia see achondroplasia
pruritic folliculitis, 345, 405“22 pulmonary venous pressure, mitral regurgitation/ acute porphyria, 245
pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of insufficiency, 9 adult respiratory distress syndrome, 77
pregnancy see polymorphic eruption of pulse oximetry anemias, 294
pregnancy spinal cord injury, 194 anterior spinal artery syndrome, 209
pruritus gravidarum, 344“5 Takayasu arteritis, 64 antiphospholipid syndrome, 419
differential diagnosis, 351 pustular psoriasis of pregnancy, 348, 349“50 aortic dissection, 13“14
intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, 253, 345 signs and symptoms, 4 aortic stenosis, 8
pseudoachondroplasia, 102, 120“1 PVD see premature ventricular arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, 158
pseudo-cardiomegaly, 2 depolarizations (PVD) asthma cesarean section, 78, 80
pseudohypoaldosteronism, 286“8 PVST, 35 atrial septal defects, 17
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, 89 pyelonephritis, acute, 260 benign intracranial hypertension, 178
pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), 309 pyogenic granuloma see lobular capillary blood vessel wall coagulation disorders, 306,
psittacosis see Chlamydia psittaci infection hemangioma 308, 309“10
(psittacosis) pyrazinamide, tuberculosis therapy, 332 coagulation disorders, 303
psychiatric disorders, 363“70 pyrexia, McArdle disease, 240 Cushing syndrome, 287
pubic pain, 231“2 pyridostigmine, dosages, 154 cyclosporine, 392
pudendal block, 80 pyridoxine, peripheral neuropathy, 224 cystic fibrosis, 91, 92
pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM), diabetes mellitus, 280
59“63 Q fever, 335 Ehlers“Danlos syndrome see Ehlers“Danlos
see also hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia QRS axis, heart rate, 29 syndrome (EDS)
(HHT) QRS complex, 34 epilepsy, 170
pulmonary artery aneurysm, 63 QT interval, 45 gestational thrombocytopenia, 304
pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) quinidine, 52 Gorlin disease, 145
mitral stenosis, 7 acquired long QT syndrome, 46 Guillain“Barr´ syndrome, 218
e
primary pulmonary hypertension, 57 atrial fibrillation therapy, 38 heart transplantation, anesthetic
venous air embolism diagnosis, 86 atrial flutter therapy, 37 management, 397
pulmonary aspiration, cardiopulmonary premature ventricular depolarization hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low
resuscitation, 53 management, 34 platelets syndrome, 307
pulmonary blood flow, atrial septal defect quinine, 331 herpes simplex virus infection, 325
management, 17 quinine gluconate, 331 hydrocephalus with shunt, 178
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), 58 hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, 13
pulmonary diseases/disorders radial nerve palsy, 219, 221 hypoparathyroidism, 289
cirrhosis, 385 radical hysterectomy, 373 hypothyroidism, 277




440
Index


idiopathic/immune thrombocytopenic purpura, 304 residual volume (RV), scoliosis, 132 sarcomas, 195
intracerebral hemorrhage, 176 respiratory alkalosis, 77 scalp electrode, epilepsy, 169
liver disease emergencies, 257 respiratory diseases/disorders, 68, 75“99 schistosomiasis, 332, 333
malignant bone marrow disorders, 302 arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, 158 schizophrenia, 363“4
¨
mitral valve prolapse, 10“11 familial dysautonomia, 217 Schonlein“Henoch purpura, 309
Moyamoya disease, 69 scoliosis see scoliosis Schwachmann“Diamond syndrome (SD), 298
myasthenia gravis see myasthenia gravis (MG) see also specific diseases/disorders schwannomas, 196
neurofibromatosis see neurofibromatosis respiratory failure, acute, 201 sciatic neuropathy, 220
Noonan syndrome see Noonan syndrome respiratory function scleroderma (systemic sclerosis), 357, 405, 415“19
osteogenesis imperfecta, 163 end-stage renal disease, 383 scoliosis, 117, 129“41
Parkinson disease see Parkinson disease Pompe disease, 239 antepartum assessment, 136“7, 138
paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, 299 scoliosis“pregnancy interactions, 135 associated conditions, 142
peripartum ischemic heart disease, 15 spina bifida cystica, 204 arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, 158
pheochromocytoma, 284 respiratory muscles, scoliosis, 134 spina bifida cystica, 203
pneumothorax, 93 respiratory support peripheral neuropathy see peripheral neuropathy
polycythemia vera, 302 adult respiratory distress syndrome see adult pregnancy interactions, 134“6
porphyria, 245 respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) pregnancy outcomes, 135“6, 137
renal disease, 260 congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, 94 respiratory pathophysiology, 132“3, 134, 135, 139
rheumatoid arthritis, 410 restrictive respiratory insufficiency, peripheral Sebastian syndrome, 293, 305
schizophrenia, 364 neuropathy see peripheral neuropathy secondary diabetes insipidus, 281
scoliosis, 140 revascularization surgery, Moyamoya disease secondary factor VII deficiency, 325
sickling syndromes, 296 management, 69 secondary Parkinson disease, 171
spina bifida cystica, 204 rheumatic heart disease, 1 secondary pneumothorax, 76, 93
spina bifida occulta, 203 rheumatoid arthritis, 345, 405“10, 416“17 second degree atrioventricular (AV) blocks see
spinal cord injury see spinal cord injury cricoarytenoid joint, 43 atrioventricular (AV) blocks
spinal cord tumors see spinal cord tumors temporomandibular joint, 31 secundum atrial septal defects, 16
spinal muscular atrophy, 198 clinical features, 416 sedatives
Sturge“Weber disease/syndrome, 183, 184 rifampicin, 332 Eisenmenger syndrome management, 22
syringomyelia, 205 right anterior fascicular blocks, 33 peripartum ischemic heart disease, 15

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