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Adapted from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Taxonomy and classification of viruses.

may be limited to life support and/or the containment of the against disease is a helpful control measure, vaccination is not a
infectious agent. A large number of infectious agents, particularly panacea, as recent outbreaks of mumps among vaccinated young
those causing tropical disease, lead to chronic infections, often adults have shown. In infectious disease, as in anesthesiology, we
with transmission to the fetus. Unfortunately, reports detailing must be vigilant at all times.
anesthetic management of these patients are rarely published, so
the obstetric anesthesiologist must understand the pathophysio-
logy of the disease and its clinical features in order to make rational
decisions relating to anesthesia. The usual contraindications to The authors truly appreciate the contributions of Valerie Creswell,
regional anesthesia or GA should be considered. Intravenous and MD, an infectious disease expert in Wichita, Kansas. Her review
local techniques that preserve cardiorespiratory function should and critique of this chapter significantly refined the text.
be considered in high-risk patients in whom contraindications to
both regional anesthesia and GA exist.
The most effective means to control infectious diseases is pre-
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